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Extracts from Nandini Chemical Journal, Dec 2012
Morpholene|Acrylonitrile|Guar Gum|LNG Terminal
Highlights of Some of the ArticlesTALK OF THE MONTH : LOW PRICING POWER OF THE INDIAN COMPANIES IN THE GLOBAL MARKET
MORPHOLINE - PRODUCT PROFILE
BUTENE-1 – ALTERNATIVE PROCESS ROUTES
SPOTLIGHT ON SPECIALTY CHEMICAL - ETHYLIDENE NORBORNENE
ACRYLONITRILE –SCENARIO IN CHINA
INDO RUSSIAN TITANIUM PROJECT IN ODISHA FALLING APART
SCHEDULES OF HYDROPOWER PROJECTS TRIP
GUIDELINES FOR LNG TERMINAL
ETHANOL BLENDING MADE MANDATORY FOR OIL COMPANIES
GLOBAL OIL SCENARIO HIGHLIGHTS OF IEA REPORT
RENEWABLE GLYCOLS UNIT IN BRAZIL
GLOBAL GROWTH PLANS OF BAYER CROPSCIENCE
SUBSTITUTES FOR GUAR GUM
TALK OF THE MONTHRecently, an Indian engineering organization submitted it’s proposal for a contract for a project in Middle East country.. Later on, the Indian organization found that the contract was not awarded to it. The organization wanted to know the reason for the rejection of it’s proposal, particularly since it submitted the proposal after going through the qualifying round. The Middle East company told that the price quoted by the Indian organization was high . The Indian company came to know that the Middle East company awarded the contract to another company in USA, who quoted almost the same price as the Indian company. When the Indian company sought further clarification, the Middle East company said that the order for the Indian company would have been given if it’s price was less. If the price of the Indian company would be same or nearly same as an American or European or Japanese company, then they would prefer to give the order to American, European or Japanese company rather than to Indian organization. This observation made the Indian company to realize that if it has to get global contracts, it not only need to be very capable and competent but also it’s price must be much less than the price quoted by the companies in America, Europe and Japan and not merely equal. Obviously, the above factual scenario only highlights the fact that the Indian companies lack pricing power in the global market. Several Chinese manufacturing companies are also facing similar situation in the global market. A quick survey amongst the cross section of Indian importers clearly highlight the fact that the Indian buyers would opt to buy any material from China only if the price would be less than the price offered by the companies in the developed world . In the case of price of Chinese products being on par with that of the price quoted by the companies in developed countries, the Indian buyers would not prefer Chinese products. This only proves that the Chinese companies too lack the pricing power in the global market.
It is said that even Japan faced similar problems around two decades back, when any global buyer would prefer Japanese product, only if the price would be considerably lower than the price offered by European or American companies.. In the international market, every country needs a brand image. Such brand image and goodwill has to be carefully cultivated and developed over a period of time. In short, every country should methodically spread the image around the world that it maintains clean and healthy environment and it is reliable and trustworthy. The reliability indices of the country should be high, if it’s pricing power in the global market should improve. The Indian producers of goods and services have problems in competing in international market as the overall image of India in the international market still remain to be considerably improved. There is urgent need and considerable scope for brand building of India in the global sphere.
MORPHOLINE - PRODUCT PROFILECAS Number 110-91-8 Chemical formula O(CH2CH2)2NH Chemically, morpholine is an amino ether. The ether function of the molecule is typically inert and most of the reactions of morpholine involve the secondary amine group. Specification Appearance Clear liquid, Substantially free from suspended matter Color, Pt-Co scale 15 max. Morpholine, wt. % 99.0 min. water, wt. % 0.3 max. The following details are discussed in this article.
- Process adopted
- Indian producers
- Anti dumping duty in India
- Global producers
- Indian import
- Indian export
BUTENE-1 – ALTERNATIVE PROCESS ROUTESMolecular formula CH2 = CH - CH2 - CH3 CAS number 106-98-9 Butene-1 (1-Butene) is a non-toxic, non-corrosive, colorless gas and liquid with a slight olefinic odor, asphyxiant gas, highly flammable. 1-Butene is stable in itself but polymerizes exothermically. It is highly flammable and readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Storage and handling Butene-1 is usually stored as liquid at 5 to 35 deg.C under pressure 0.5 to 3.5 Bar.. Pipelines are frequently used to transfer butene-1. Butene-1 is also transferred by truck. Specification Parameter Unit Value Purity vol % 99 min. Methane + Ethylene + ethane vol % 0.1 max. Butene-2 + isobutene-butanes vol % 1 max. C6 hydrocarbons ppm, vol 50 max. Sulfur ppm, wt 1 max. Following details are discussed in this article
- Global Use Pattern
- Global Capacity
- Global Producers
- Import Of Butene In India
SPOTLIGHT ON SPECIALTY CHEMICAL - ETHYLIDENE NORBORNENECAS NO. 16219-75-3 Formula C9H12 Synonyms 5-Ethylidene-2-norbornene, 5-Ethylidenebicyclo[2.2.1]hep-2-ene, ENB, 5-Ethylidene-8,9,10-Trinorborn-2-ene Stability May react with oxygen in the air Decomposition Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide Incompatibilities Oxygen, strong oxidizing agents Purity/Impurities/Additives Purity > 98.5% weight/weight Impurities (a) 2-Vinylbicylo[2,2,1]hept-5-ene < 0.7 wt % (b) Unknown including (a) < 2.0wt% Additives 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol 100-150 ppm Following details are discussed in this article
- Application developments efforts by Ineox Oxide
- Global demand trend
- Global producers
ACRYLONITRILE –SCENARIO IN CHINAProducers Acrylonitrile production units in China are mainly owned by Sinopec and PetroChina. Four enterprises of Sinopec (including joint ventures) have a total capacity of 680 kt/a, accounting for 48.26% of the total domestic capacity . Five enterprises of PetroChina account for 51.45% of the domestic capacity. PetroChina Jilin Petrochemical with a capacity of 424 kt/a is the largest producer of acrylonitrile in China, accounting for 30.09% of the total domestic capacity. Shanghai Secco Petrochemical, as the second largest producer, has a capacity of 260 kt/a and accounts for 18.45% of the total domestic capacity Following details are discussed in this article
- China’s main producers of acrylonitrile in 2012
- New projects
- Import/export of acrylonitrile in China
- Supply and demands of acrylonitrile in China
- Process technology
INDO RUSSIAN TITANIUM PROJECT IN ODISHA FALLING APARTAs part of the Indo-Russian bilateral cooperation, the Russian Federation along with JSC Technochem Holding had floated a joint venture with India’s SAPL to set up a special economic zone (SEZ) with an integrated titanium project at Gopalpur in Orissa’s Ganjam district. The JV — Titanium Products (TPPL) — where the foreign partners have a total 55% stake, inked an MoU with the Orissa government on October 15, 2008, to set up the project. The recent developments relating to the project is discussed.
SCHEDULES OF HYDROPOWER PROJECTS TRIPHydropower projects with a combined capacity estimated at about 42,000 megawatt are yet to take off in various states.Most of these projects are in the northeastern part of India. The northeastern states were slated to be the hub for hydropower, after states such as Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh tapped their potential to a significant extent. These states are reviewing their strategy to develop hydropower projects as earthquakes in the region have exposed the vulnerability of these projects and local citizens continue to oppose the projects due to rehabilitation and resettlement issues. India has already slashed its target for adding capacity in the next five years to 10 gigawatt (GW) from 30 GW planned earlier, in view of the delays in environmental approvals, land acquisition problems and water rights. Though the country has the potential to develop about 148 GW of hydropower capacity because of the rich potential in the Brahmaputra, indus and Ganges basin, only 39 GW has been developed and is operational. Problems in securing long-term funding and high interest rates are preventing developers from taking up big hydropower projects. The above scenario is discussed in this article.
GUIDELINES FOR LNG TERMINALThe Petroleum Ministry has notified the rules on eligibility conditions for registration of liquefied natural gas terminals (LNG). This is done with the objective of promoting the setting up of LNG Terminals in an environment of equitable access and commercial transparency to foster higher availability of imported gas in the country, the Ministry said in a statement. The salient eligibility conditions for registration of LNG Terminal include offer at all times 20 per cent of its short-term uncommitted re-gasification capacity or 0.5 MMTPA as common carrier capacity.
Second, technical standards and specifications including safety standards in activities relating to petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas must be adhered to. And third, a bank guarantee for an amount equal to one per cent of the estimated project cost of the liquefied natural gas terminal or Rs 25 crore, whichever is less must be furnished. The new conditions would help user industries like power, fertilizer, refineries and petrochemicals to import LNG without having to set up their own re gasification facilities. This would partly meet the growing shortage of domestic gas. The article further discusses the details.
ETHANOL BLENDING MADE MANDATORY FOR OIL COMPANIESThe proposal of making ethanol blending mandatory was first floated by the petroleum ministry,which was approved by the CCEA in October 2007. But since then the programme has been struggling to take off despite the fact that the CCEA in November 2009 directed that a financial penalty be imposed on OMCs for their failure to reach targets. Finally in August 2010,the CCEA set up the Saumitra Chaudhuri committee for determining the ethanol pricing after a Committee of Secretaries (CoS) failed to reach a consensus. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has made it mandatory for oil marketing companies (OMCs) Bharat Petroleum,Hindustan Petroleum and Indian Oil Corporation to blend 5% ethanol with petrol. This is likely to reduce the fuel import bill and lower India’s dependence on fossil fuel, as the ethanol prices are lower than petrol.OMCs have been blending ethanol with petrol for the past two years but the policy was only partially implemented in absence of any clear directive. The details are further discussed in this article.
GLOBAL OIL SCENARIO HIGHLIGHTS OF IEA REPORTThe recent International Energy Agency (IEA) flagship report ‘World Energy Outlook 2012’ said that the US would become the world's largest oil producer by 2017, surpassing Saudi Arabia. But, this will not result in the US becoming a large exporter, as the majority of the production in the US will be absorbed domestically. According to World Energy Outlook 2012 report, by around 2020, the US is projected to become the largest oil producer, overtaking Saudi Arabia, until mid-2020s when the latter is expected to regain its position.
RENEWABLE GLYCOLS UNIT IN BRAZILCoca-Cola has partnered with JBF Industries (Mumbai) to expand production of biobased ethylene glycol (EG) for its partially biobased polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles. JBF operates polyester fiber plants in India and a PET and polyester film complex in Singapore. It also has plans for a PTA unit in India and a PET plant at BP’s Geel, Belgium, manufacturing complex. JBF will build the world’s largest biobased EG plant in So Paulo using sugarcane and sugarcane processing waste as feedstock
- The article discusses the details of the project.
GLOBAL GROWTH PLANS OF BAYER CROPSCIENCEBayer CropScience, the second-largest agricultural chemicals player behind Syngenta, has unveiled growth plans for the next 5 years based on a €7-billion ($9 billion) investment program. The program consists of a €5-billion R&D budget and €2 billion to expand the company’s asset base. Bayer CropScience, meanwhile, has realigned and renamed its business units and provided details for its 2011–16 product pipeline, which has a peak sales potential of €4 billion—far higher than previous estimates. Bayer CropScience last year reported sales of €7.26 billion. Sales in the first half of this year were up 16.3%, to €4.89 billion, with Europe growing at 6.7%, to €1.90 billion; North America advancing by 31.8%, to €1.59 billion; Asia/Pacific by 15.8%, to €689 million; and Latin America/Africa/Mideast up 14.4%, to €701 million. Business units The new name for Bayer CropScience’s crop protection business is small molecules and the renamed bioscience unit is now called seeds. The company has also created a third business unit, biologics, the formation of which follows the recent acquisition, for about $500 million, of AgraQuest (Davis, CA). AgraQuest is a supplier of biological pest management solutions based on natural microorgansms. Following details about Bayer CropScience are discussed in this article
- Biologics portfolio
- Seeds portfolio
- Small molecule portfolio
- R&D targets
- New products in the pipeline
- Expansion plans
SUBSTITUTES FOR GUAR GUMIndia accounts for more than 70% of the global production of guar. The seed is also grown in Pakistan and the US. Halliburton has developed an alternative to guar gum called PermStim, that’s highly competitive in the event of future guar cost escalation. Halliburton and Baker Hughes help companies drill and complete oil and gas wells using a pressure pumping technique known as fracking, which blasts water mixed with sand and chemicals underground to free trapped hydrocarbons from shale formations. Guar is made into a thickening gel used to carry sand down a well and into the cracks created from fracturing. Details about substitutes for guar gum is discussed in this article.
OTHER FEATURESANTI DUMPING PAGE INDIAN SOLAR CELL UNITS AT CROSS ROADS
Plight of Indian companies
Although India has 1,045 MW of grid connected solar power projects, the solar panels have almost entirely come from abroad — mostly from China and the US.Indian manufacturers such as Indosolar and (the erstwhile) Tata BP Solar have lost out on this opportunity. BP, the British energy company , exited Tata BP Solar earlier this year and the new Tata Power Solar has given up manufacturing.
This article discusses about the Indian solar scenario. The antidumping measures introduced in the various countries in the last few weeks on the following products are discussed
- Phthalic anhydride
- Spandex fibre
- Nucleotide Food Additives Case
- Skimmed milk powder
- Caustic soda
- Explosions at Nippon Shokubai’s Himeji SAP plant
- Blaze at Arkema Peroxides
- Saltigo to shut US site, abandons expansion plans
- Gevo halts isobutanol production
- FMC, Isagro collaborate for fungicide
- MMA project in USA
- SAFC building powders plant
- Rare earths recycling units
- Photovoltaic lab
- Texas City refinery
- CPVC project in USA
- Biosuccinic acid project
- Nonhalogenated flame retardant
- New PEEK plant in UK
- Bio methionine complex in Malaysia
- Nalco’s Koraput bauxite refinery unit
- Gold mining projects in Karnataka
- Value of closed fertilizer units
- Rajasthan refinery
Following details in China are explained
- Photovoltaic project activated in Xinjiang
- Speciality phenolic resins
- Acrylic acid and esters project
- Aniline project
- Pricing method of NPPA for insulin
- Natural pigment from skin of squid
- Carbon solar
- 3 D Solar
- Thin Film
- Cheaper Solar Cells
- Price details of glyphosate
- China’s import & export value in September 2012
- Chemicals imported at the Chennai port during the month of September 2012
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