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                  HIGHLIGHTS OF ARTICLES FROM MAY 2017 ISSUE OF

                                        NANDINI CHEMICAL JOURNAL

  • TALK OF THE MONTH REPLACEMENT OF COAL BY NATURAL GAS– BUT HOW LONG?
  • LITHIUM ION BATTERIES – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • ACETIC ACID – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • SPOTLIGHT ON SPECIALITY CHEMICAL
  • SODIUM COCOYL GLYCINATE
  • ENERGY PROJECTS FACING ISSUES
  • DUE TO LACK OF CONSISTENCY IN GOVERNMENT’S POLICIES
  • ISSUES FACING GAS BASED POWER PROJECTS IN INDIA
  • WHY START UP INDIA PROJECTS HAVE FAILED TO TAKE OFF?
  • NEED FOR INVESTIGATION BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
  • HOW CHINA STRENGTHENED ECONOMIC MUSCLE?
  • CHINESE GOVERNMENT’S POLICY ON PRIORITY INDUSTRIES
  • FOR FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN CHINA
  • WHY SWACHH BHARAT MOVING AT SNAIL’S PACE ?
  • LACK OF TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVES
  • INTERNATIONAL THERMONUCLEAR EXPERIMENTAL REACTOR (ITER)
  • RECENT DEVELOPMENT
  • BIOMETHANE PRODUCTION FROM SEWAGE PLANTS IN UK
  • WASTE TO ENERGY PROJECT IN DELHI
  • RECENT DEMAND TREND FOR CARBON FIBER
  • ANTI DUMPING PAGE
  • NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL
  • CHINA NEWS
  • NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA
  • TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
  • AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE
  • PHARMA PAGE
  • ENERGY PAGE
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PAGE
  • OTHER ARTICLES
TALK OF THE MONTH REPLACEMENT OF COAL BY NATURAL GAS – BUT HOW LONG ?

Power plants around the world are stepping up their use of natural gas as fuel because it burns cleaner than coal. In U.S. natural gas is cheaper. Gas now supplies about a third of the power generation in USA, up from just 17 percent a decade ago. Will it remain so in future ?

Coal lost its place as America’s No. 1 power plant fuel and was replaced by natural gas. More than a thousand coal mines have closed since 2009, putting about 36,000 people out of work in USA.

Natural gas is often promoted as clean fuel because it releases half as much carbon dioxide as coal when combusted. But methane, the most prevalent chemical compound in natural gas, is a potent greenhouse gas, with heat-trapping emissions leaked at every stage of its life, from well to pipeline to power plant

In the U.S., the gas industry as a whole was responsible for more emissions than coal last year for the first time, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF).

U.S. environmentalists have vowed to go after gas fired power plants with the same determination they have used to force the closure of hundreds of coal facilities.

Researchers and energy executives are of the view that if gas can not cut globe warming emissions, it would only be a matter of time before natural gas would share the same fate as that of coal.

Gas producers “will be next on the list of the industries to be destroyed,” says chief executive officer of U.S. coal miner Murray Energy Corp.

LITHIUM ION BATTERIES – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

Lithium ion batteries (LiBs) are a significant technological advancement from lead acid batteries, which have existed since the late 1850. Thanks to their low weight, high energy density and slower loss of charge when not in use. LiBs have become the preferred choice for consumer electronics.

LiBs with cobalt cathodes hold twice the energy of a nickel based battery and four times that of lead acid battery.

Li-ion is a low-maintenance battery, an advantage that most other chemistries cannot claim. The battery has no memory and does not need exercising (deliberate full discharge) to keep it in good shape. Self-discharge is less than half that of nickel-based systems.

The nominal cell voltage of 3.60V can directly power mobile phones, tablets and digital cameras, offering simplifications and cost reductions over multi-cell designs.

The advanced LiB market is rapidly developing, driven by more stringent regulations and continuous improvements in battery performance and cost. The power and durability of LiBs determine the efficiency and reliability of eco friendly transportation as well as electrical and electronic devices.

Government of India is keen on promoting commercial production of LiBs for use in electric motor vehicles.

Following details are discussed in this article.

  • LiBs technology
  • Advantages of LiBs
  • Limitations of LiBs
  • Demand trend
  • Technology development efforts of VSSC
  • Proposed collaboration between BHEL and VSSC
  • Collaboration between Suzuki ,Toshiba and Denso
  • Scenario in China
  • Facilities of Sinoma
  • Facilities of Tesla, USA
  • LiB separator projects
  • LiBs separators project of Asahi Kasei
  • LiBs separators project of Ube
  • Recent research and development efforts
  • Ceramic electrolyte
  • Project to replace organic solvents in LiBs manufacturing process
ACETIC ACID – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

Product analysis

CAS No.                           : 64-19-7

Chemical formula               : C2H4O2

Appearance                       : Clear liquid free from matter in suspension

Specification

Parameter

Value

Purity, minimum

99.85%

Heavy metals

5 ppm max

Aldehydes

5 ppm max

Non-volatile matter

0.003% max

Formic acid

0.05% max

Moisture

0.15% max

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Application sector
  • Annual import/export in India
  • Indian manufacturer
  • Units closed
  • Demand analysis
  • Projected demand scenario
  • Projected demand supply scenario
  • Global scenario
  • Global import
  • Scenario in China
  • China’s capacity, production, import & export of acetic acid,
  • China’s acetic acid average operating rates
  • Pattern of Consumption of acetic acid
  • Process routes
  • Consumption norm
  • Recommendation
SPOTLIGHT ON SPECIALITY CHEMICAL - SODIUM COCOYL GLYCINATE

Sodium cocoyl glycinate is the sodium salt of the amide, formed from the reaction of coconut fatty acid chloride and glycine

CAS Number               :90387-74-9

Chemical formula         : R-CO-NH-CH2-COONa (R-CO= cocoyl moeity)

Appearance Pale yellow to colourless clear liquid

Solubility in water Freely soluble

Specification

Description

Value

Appearance

Colourless to pale yellow liquid

pH

10 to 11

Active

~ 23%

Chloride as NaCl

6 % max.

Free fatty acid

2.5 % max.

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Application
  • Process
  • Indian export
  • Pattern of countrywise export-Period April 2015
  • Major global producers
  • Demand driver
  • Global demand
  • Growth rate in demand
ENERGY PROJECTS FACING ISSUES - DUE TO LACK OF CONSISTENCY IN GOVERNMENT’S POLICIES

ISSUES FACING GAS BASED POWER PROJECTS IN INDIA

Gas price pooling

The landed cost of LNG reigned at $11 to $12 per mmBtu, when the Government of India started providing gas price pooling to the power sector.

However, since then, the price of natural gas fell to a low of $5.5 mmBtu, making the government prices under auction costlier, leading to drop in bids or negative bids.

The gas price pooling was of little help to gas based power companies, as the bid prices were much higher than the prevailing international LNG prices. Power produced through costly gas led to higher tariffs making the power projects uncompetitive against alternative energy prices such as renewables.

Under the gas price pooling for power sector, Government of India gave incentives on value added tax, customs duty, margins to Gas Authority of India, and transportation costs. Now that these have been removed, LNG prices for power companies on the eastern coast would be much higher.

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Closure threat
  • Plight of the power project
  • Proposal to shift of power projects outside India
  • What way out ?
ISSUES FACING WIND POWER PROJECTS

The annual installation of wind power facilities was 3,472 MW in 2015-2016 and it peaked to 5,400 MW 2016-17. In 2017-18, it is expected to be 6,000 MW.

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Change in government policy
  • Plight of the projects
  • What way out ?
WHY START UP INDIA PROJECTS HAVE FAILED TO TAKE OFF ?

NEED FOR INVESTIGATION BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

Immediately after the Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced Start Up India programme and organized an inauguration function in his characteristic event management style, there was much euphoria in the country about this programme .

Many thought that Mr. Modi has given a huge opportunity to young persons with enthusiasm and ideas to launch their projects, that would lead to chain of projects in multiple directions.

Liberal schemes and incentive programmes were also announced by Modi government.

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Has the scheme run it’s course ?
  • Primary requisites for success :
  • Choice of soft options :
  • Abnormal salaries :
  • Need for investigation :
HOW CHINA STRENGTHENED ECONOMIC MUSCLE ?

China has been steadily building it’s economy over the years, clearly realising that only economically strong nations will gain universal respect . China has achieved spectacular growth in several directions. Today, China is one of the economic super powers , though the skeptics in western countries keep on predicting that China’s economy would suffer under it’s own weight before long. This is unlikely to happen.

Following details arre discussed in this article.

  • How China made it possible ?
  • What next for China ?
CHINESE GOVERNMENT’S POLICY ON PRIORITY INDUSTRIES - FOR FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN CHINA

On February 17, 2017 China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce (MOC) jointly issued the catalogue of priority industries for Foreign Investment in Central and Western China (2017 Revision), which is to be effective March 20, 2017.

  1. in the catalogue are entitled to “preferential policies for foreign-funded projects under the encouraged category” of the Provisions on Guiding the Direction of Foreign Investment. Further, on-going projects that meet the requirements of the catalogue must comply with the policies stipulated in the catalogue.

The catalogue includes 639 items, adding 139 items to the original list.

This latest edition covers Hainan and the other 21 provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) in central, western and north eastern China.

Above subject is further discussed in this article.

WHY SWACHH BHARAT MOVING AT SNAIL’S PACE ?

LACK OF TECHNOLOGY INITIATIVES

Immediately on coming to power , Prime Minister Narendra Modi personally committed himself to the goal of achieving clean India (Swachh bharat) and he demonstrated his commitment by taking the broom stick himself and cleaning the garbage. He has done this on several occasions at various places during the last three years. But, are we really moving on ?

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Approach of Modi government
  • Not people’s movement :
  • Approach of Modi government :
  • Not people’s movement :
  • Lack of enthusiasm amongst local bodies :
  • Toilet as kitchen :
  • Poor maintenance :
  • People should be blamed :
  • Inadequate technology initiatives :
INTERNATIONAL THERMONUCLEAR EXPERIMENTAL REACTOR (ITER) - RECENT DEVELOPMENT

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER ) is being built to test nuclear fusion, the atomic reaction that takes place in the sun that can be controlled to generate power.

First discussed in 1985 at a United States-Soviet Union summit, the multinational effort, in which the European Union has 45 percent stake and the United States, Russia, China and three other partners 9 percent each, has long been cited as a crucial step toward a future of near limitless electric power.

The project, is a complex and costly, physics experiment. But if it succeeds, it could determine the power plants of the future and make an invaluable contribution to reducing planet warming emissions.

The project has progressed in fits and starts for years, plagued by design and management problems that have led to long delays and increase in investment costs.

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Construction features
  • Schedule
  • The cost factors
  • The concerns
BIOMETHANE PRODUCTION FROM SEWAGE PLANTS IN UK

Anaerobic digestion technology has moved on considerably over the last 15 yeas in the UK.

While the number of sewage biogas plants has increased from 49 in 2004 to 159 today many of the original wastewater anaerobic digestion facilities are now looking to upgrade, often switching from producing electricity to biomethane in order to take advantage of the Renewable Heat Incentive.

  1. number of sewage biogas plant operators are moving into biomethane production in UK. These plants were producing electricity and are now adding biomethane upgrading technology as well.

Above subject is further discussed in this article.

WASTE TO ENERGY PROJECT IN DELHI

Ramky Enviro Engineers Limited, a Hyderabad-based company specialising in waste and environment management solutions, has set up a Rs.650 crore Municipal Solid Waste Management project in Delhi, which not only tackles waste generated every day but uses the solid waste to generate electricity through a 24 MW power project.

Delhi MSW Solutions Limited, the special purpose vehicle, and a subsidiary of Ramky group bagged the project in 2009 to collect, process and dispose the waste. The processing facility has capacity to treat 2,000 metric tonne per day from select zones of Rohini and Civil Lines in Delhi.

The company has two combuster plants at Bhuvana industrial area in Delhi. They have capacity to handle 4.8 lakh meric tonne of waste per annum. The 24 MW power plant generates 130 to 135 million units per annum. This is supplied to the discoms at Rs.7.03 per unit.

Following details are discussed in this article.

Process employed

Proposed project in Hyderabad

RECENT DEMAND TREND FOR CARBON FIBER

Carbon fibre is a thin long strand, far thinner than even a human hair, in which carbon atoms are bonded together in a crystal alignment that makes the fibre incredibly strong for its size.

Carbon fibers are mainly used as reinforcing agents in high-performance composites because of their high strength and stiffness, low weight and other useful properties.

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Thrust area for demand
  • Demand trend
  • Demand driver and growth
  • Regional markets
  • Industry need
  • Toray Industries
  • Proposed project of Aditya Birla Group
ANTI DUMPING PAGE

The antidumping measures introduced in the last few weeks on the following products are discussed

  • Filament yarn
  • LAB
  • Polyol
  • Tiles
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Amoxicillin
  • Bisphenol A
  • Methyl methacrylate
  • Fatty alcohol
  • Flat steel products
NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • MDI facility at Tarragona, Spain
  • Ineos pulls out of polyolefin licensing business
  • LAB project in Brazil
  • Isobutanol
  • Polyisobutylene plant in USA
  • Titanium dioxide plant in France
CHINA NEWS

The recent developments in China are discussed in the following articles

  • China’s energy plans
  • Gasifier for coal to methanol (CTM) project
  • Coal tar hydrogenation project
  • High purity polysilicon project
  • Syngas to ethylene glycol project
NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Hindustan Organic to sell fluorocarbon subsidiary
  • LNG transportation by road
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

Recent developments on the following products are discussed

  • Technology to reduce arsenic in drinking water
  • Alternative filtration solution for separating micro pollutants
  • Bio ethanol from agricultural waste
  • Recycling efforts in New Zealand
  • Degradation of polyethylene into ethylene glycol
AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE

Recent developments in the agro fields are discussed in the following articles

  • Dicamba expansion project in USA
  • Glyphosate
  • Chlorpyrifos
PHARMA PAGE

Recent developments in pharma fields are discussed in the following articles

  • New anti malaria vaccine
ENERGY PAGE

Recent developments in the energy fields are discussed in the following articles

  • Domestic natural gas price
  • Biodiesel programme of Indian Railways
  • ONGC drills record 501 wells in fiscal 2016-17
  • Performance of nuclear Fuel Complex surpasses own record
  • India’s import / export of solar panels
  • LNG power project in Bangladesh
  • Biogas bus launched in Kolkata
  • CBM project of Reliance Industries
  • Shale gas project of Reliance Industries
ENVIRONMENTAL PAGE

ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING CHEMICALS

Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are chemicals that mimic, block, or interfere with hormones in the body's endocrine system. EDCs have been associated with a diverse array of health issues.

Some known EDCs and their uses

Category/Uses

Examples

 

 

Pesticides

Dichorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT),

Chlorpyrifos,

Atrazine,

2,4-Dichlorophenyoxyacetic acid, Glyphosate

Children’s products

Lead, Phthalates, Cadmium

Food contact materials

Bisphenol A, Phthalates, Phenol

Electronic and Building Materials

Brominated Flame Retardants, PCBs

Antibacterial

Triclosan

Textile, clothing

Perflurochemicals

 

Worldwide regulations of some EDCs

ECDs

Year and Regulation details in various countries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bisphenol A

  • 2015: BPA phased out from baby feeding bottles in India (BIS)

  • 2013: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the use of BPA in infant formula packaging materials

  • 2013-2015: France passed bans against BPA in food containers. The law for food containers for children went into effect in 2013, and the law for food packaging for everyone else went into effect in 2015.

  • 2012: The USFDA banned the use of BPA in baby bottles and children’s spill proof cups

  • 2012: The use of BPA in pacifiers ad teethers have been prohibited in Austria, Belgium, France and Netherland

  • 2011:BPA banned in China and Malaysia

  • 2011: European Commission restricted the use of BPa in baby bottles

  • 2008: BPA banned in Canada

 

 

Triclosan

  • 2017: Minnesota has officially become the first state to ban soaps containing Triclosan

  • 2015: USFDA banned Triclosan in soap

  • Triclosan is banned Europe

  • Triclosan is banned in Canada

 

 

Phthalate

  • 1999: The European Union (EU) banned the use of Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) , Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP) from children’s toys and childcare articles, and di-“isononyl” phthalate (DINP), di-“isodecyl” phthalate (DIDP) and Di-n-octyl Phthalate (DNOP) from items that children are likely to put in their mouths.

Parabens

  • 2012: Parabens banned in the European Union

  • 2016: Isobutyl Paraben banned in Philippines

 

OTHER ARTICLES

EX-FACTORY PRICE OF CHEMICALS IN CHINA - PERIOD APRIL 2017

TENDER

CHEMICALS IMPORTED AT THE CHENNAI PORT- DURING THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY 2017