Global Information Source for Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Allied Industries123
  • +91-44-43511945

  • info@nandinichemical.com

Journals

                    HIGHLIGHTS OF ARTICLES FROM  JANUARY 2017 ISSUE OF

                                              NANDINI CHEMICAL JOURNAL

HIGHLIGHTS OF SOME OF THE ARTICLES
  • NEED TO FINE TUNE COMMERCIAL OPERATING MODEL FOR CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES

  • ISABGOL – PRODUCT PROFILE

  • CAUSTIC POTASH – PRODUCT PROFILE

  • BIO BUTANOL – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

  • GUDUCHI  – MEDICINAL PLANT

  • AMINO ACIDS AS FEED ADDITIVES  – GLOBAL SCENARIO

  • WHY INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS  HAVE NOW BECOME TOO MANY ?

  • UPDATE ON REACH

  • WASTE MANAGEMENT – A FEW CASE STUDIES

  • BIO ENERGY PLANT IN MALT WHISKEY FACILITY

  • WASTE TO ENERGY PROJECTS IN SWEDEN

  • WASTE TREATMENT  - INDIAN SCENARIO

  • CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS

  • SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE

  • ANTI DUMPING PAGE

  • NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL

  • CHINA NEWS

  • NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA

  • TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

  • AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE

  • PHARMA PAGE

  • ENERGY PAGE

  • ENVIRONMENT PAGE

  • OTHER ARTICLES

TALK OF THE MONTH

NEED TO FINE TUNE COMMERCIAL OPERATING MODEL FOR CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES

All over the world, chemical industries are steadily and inevitably undergoing structural changes.                   

Such changes are  happening due to various reasons including commoditization of several technologies which have until recently been seen as exclusive technologies held by some companies, environmental compulsions,  consumer preference towards nature based bio tech products, spiraling cost of marketing and sales and restrictive policies  of several governments.

Such structural changes are forcing companies to have a  rethink on their commercial operating model.

Commoditization of technologies

With the commoditization of technologies for several chemical products, production capacities in the world have well exceeded the demand for such products, as there are no more technological entry barriers on such products.

This  has resulted in fall in product pricing,  competitive market  conditions and even  plant closures.

Environmental compulsions

Environmental compulsions  have resulted in several products disappearing from the market or likely to disappear soon. An example is HFC-134a.

Chemours, when it was part of DuPont, collaborated with Honeywell to develop HFO-1234yf, a hydrofluoroolefin (HFO), to replace HFC-134a due to environmental compulsions.

Arkema says that it will build production capacity for HFO-1234yf using proprietary technology, with anticipated start up by early 2017 to replace HFC-134a.

Entry of bio based products

Newer  bio based technologies have been developed or under development for several products, which may, in the near future, make existing synthetic routes obsolete.

This would happen, particularly since there is steadily increasing consumer preference for bio based products, even if the price were to be marginally higher.

This trend is now happening at rapid pace, which is threatening to upset the demand supply balance for several products based on synthetic route (based on petroleum based feedstock).

An example is epichlorohydrin, which is produced hitherto from propylene. New projects are being set up based on glycerin, which is produced in large quantity as byproduct in bio fuel plants.

Need  for new marketing regions

In view of increase in production capacity in the world due to the commoditization of technologies, many companies are now desperately searching for outlet for their products, forcing them to go new countries and regions for marketing their products, which have not been accessed  at all by them in the past and which are entirely new territory for them.

In view of such conditions, many companies find that new cultures have to be  inevitably  introduced in management  style, public relations and  methods of dealing with local authorities .

As newer territories are targeted, strategies for product marketing  are also undergoing considerable reform, modifications  and changes . Such conditions, may push up  cost of product sales and marketing.

Need for greater thrust on application development efforts

As the markets are becoming competitive, the existing large producers have to focus on developing new product specifications tailored to specific applications and put forth application development efforts. Such steps can widen the demand base for the products.

Since the marketing territory would cover both developed and developing countries, product specification suited for the regions at various level of development, possibly with lower cost of production, become vital.

Mergers and acquisitions

Such structural changes  are also leading  to  mergers and acquisitions, which some times result in loss of jobs, change in management structure and working conditions.

Research and development collaboration take place between companies who have been competitors until recently.

What  conditions for Indian chemical industries ?

It appears that, by and large, chemical industries in India are yet to feel the impact of such structural changes in the global chemical industries.

Chemical industries  in India, both in large and medium scale sector, are now gradually realizing that they will have to enter the global market in a big way before long to sustain their operations, as they can not entirely depend only on Indian market any longer. This would be so, particularly since the overseas companies, both in large and medium scale, are targeting  the Indian market, which is viewed by them as potentially large market. It is high time that the Indian chemical industries see the  writing on the wall.

Studies have to be carried out by the Indian chemical industries on the appropriate commercial operating model for them in the coming years, keeping in view the strength and weakness. Indian chemical industries can not any more delay such reorientation in targets, strategies and performance,  as otherwise, they will be overwhelmed by the rapidly under going structural changes sooner or later, probably sooner than later.

ISABGOL – PRODUCT PROFILE

Strong export demand and an assured market have incentivized farmers to take Isabgol cultivation. Isabgol is used in medical applications, besides confectionery and bakery items in Europe, the US and other countries.

With about 1.2 lakh metric tonne of isabgol production every year, India is the leading producer of the crop in the world.

Besides Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are the key growers of the isabgol in India.

The following details are discussed in this article

  • Indian import / export
  • Pattern of countrywise export (Period 2015-16)
  • Price:  
CAUSTIC POTASH – PRODUCT PROFILE

Caustic potash (KOH) is produced as a clear liquid solution in either 45% or 50% solution. Dry KOH is produced in flake and briquette forms.

  • Application sector
  • Indian manufacturers
  • Indian import / export
  • Pattern of countrywise import
  • Pattern of countrywise  export
  • Indian demand
  • Outline of process
  • Global scenario
  • Global installed capacity
  • Global  import trade
  • Global demand – Period 2015-2016
  • Important producers in Asia pacific
  • Important producers in America.
  • Important producers in Europe
  • Caustic potash projects under planning / implementation
  • Anti dumping duty
  • Prognosis
BIO BUTANOL- INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

Bio butanol industry offers a unique set of investment opportunities, depending on the location and proximity of available biomass as well as  demand and dynamics.

Similar to synthetic butanol, bio butanol is used in paints, lacquers and other surface coatings; chemical markets including plastics and synthetic rubber; and for fuels production.

  • Bio butanol blended fuels
  • Process
  • Indian scenario of n butanol:
  • Indian import  of  butanol
  • Technologies developed by organizations
  • Important producers of bio  butanol in China
  • Prognosis
GUDUCHI  – MEDICINAL PLANT

The stem, bark and root of gudichi (tinosporacordifolia) is one of the constituents of several ayurvedic preparations used in general debility, dyspepsia, fever and urinary diseases.

Alternative names

English

Tinospora

Sanskrit

Guduchi

Hindi

Giloy

Bengali

Gulancha

Kannada

Amritaballi

Malayalam

Chittamrtu, Amritu

Tamil

Amurutavalli

Telugu

Tippatiga

The above mentioned herb is further discussed in this article
 

AMINO ACIDS AS FEED ADDITIVES  – GLOBAL SCENARIO

Amino acids are important as feed supplements to provide nutrients that natural feeds lack

If the feed given to animals is lacking an essential amino acid, the animal fails to add weight quickly, which means it takes longer to grow and the nutrients are not converted efficiently. This results in more animal waste that has to be disposed off  and because it contains a high level of unused nutrients, causes overnitrification of soil. Ultimately, it then costs the livestock producer more to produce a given amount of meat.

The following details are discussed in this article.

  • Demand
  • Production/ Global producers
  • Capacity expansion plans
  • Global amino acid consumption
  • Methionine market
  • Lysine market
  • Threonine and tryptophan market
WHY INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS  HAVE NOW BECOME TOO MANY ?

Explosion in Vetrivel Explosives Ltd., Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, on 1st December,2016 where19 people were killed after a blast, has sent shock waves. Immediately after the accident, there have been demand by the local public that the factory should be closed down immediately. Factory owner was reported to have absconded . Why such accidents occur frequently these days ?

Vetrivel Explosives Ltd.( ISO 9001 : 2008 certified company ) is involved in the production of slurry explosives, emulsion explosives, PETN, bulk explosives etc. It is reported that nearly two months ago, the Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) had raised several concerns in its safety audit report regarding violation by the company at the explosive unit.

In Sivakasi area  in Tamil Nadu, rarely a month goes without  one or more  small or big accidents taking place in the fire cracker units. More than 140 people have  died  and more than 200 people were injured in these accidents in Sivakasi during the last few years. Though several enquiries have been conducted after such accidents, it appears that there is no indication  that such accidents will be avoided in future.

Gas leak at Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers & Chemicals (GNFC)'s Toluene Di Isocyanate – (TDI) unit at Dahej left four workers dead and six others affected due to leak on 2nd October,2016. Due to mechanical fault in the heat exchanger of the company's TDI plant at Dahej, there was a gas leakage.

There are so many other accidents that have been taking place   all over India in industries including chemical, pharma, mining and metallurgical. While major accidents are reported, there are so many other serious  and minor accidents that are not reported at all in the media.   .

Maharashtra, West Bengal and Gujarat accounted for the highest share of the 1499 fatal and non fatal injuries in chemical factories, including drug manufacturing companies, in 2014.

The following details are also discussed in this article

  • Why so many accidents in India ?
  • Accidents occur  abroad also
  • What steps needed ?
UPDATE ON REACH

ECHA proposes nine chemicals for REACH

The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA; Helsinki, Finland) has recommended that nine chemicals, already classified as substances of very high concern, be added to the list of substances likely to require authorization under the European Union’s Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulation.

The substances have been prioritized from ECHA’s candidate list because of the high volumes used and their widespread use, which ECHA says may threaten human health.

The nine substances are classified as “toxic for reproduction.”

  • The substances include
  • 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, linear and branched dihexyl ester and dihexyl phthalate, used as plasticisers;
  • Trixylyl phosphate, used in lubricants, hydraulic fluids and metal working fluids;
  • Sodium perborate and sodium peroxometaborate, used in detergents and bleaching products
  • and a number of lead salts, used variously in the production of batteries, in coatings and inks for mirror backings, as well as adsorbents in paints, lubricants and corrosion inhibitors.
  • Above subject is further discussed in this article.
WASTE MANAGEMENT – A FEW CASE STUDIES

In World Robotics Olympiad (WRO) in Greater Noida near Delhi, 460 teams from 51 countries, including India, showcased their solutions using Lego systems. Given most were in a workable model format, some might actually be cost effective when put in a real- ife situation.

The following details are discussed in this article

  • Solar powered vehicle to capture algae
  • System for recycling waste water
  • To tackle hazardous waste
  • System for recycling construction material
  • Development of compactor
  • System for disposal of batteries
BIO ENERGY PLANT IN MALT WHISKEY FACILITY

Diageo owns 28 malt distilleries and one grain distillery in Scotland. It has invested almost £100 million to date in using distillery co-products to produce renewable energy.

The Glendullan distillery in Speyside, Scotland, owned by Scotch whisky producer, Diageo has on-site biogas plant has been fully operational, turning 1,000m3 of malt whisky distillery  co-products per day into 16 MW hour of renewable heat.

The on-site bio-energy plant was commissioned by a British provider of on-site Anaerobic Digestion (AD) plants, Clearfleau.

Diageo and Clearfleau have collaborated closely in developing the Glendullan bio-energy plant. Each on-site plant comprises a high-rate digester, specifically designed to handle liquid distillery   co-products, followed by aerobic treatment for water clean up.

The Glendullan bio-energy plant will  reduce annual CO2 emissions by approximately  6,000 metric tonne.

The company has invested £6 million at the Dailuaine distillery to create a new bio energy plant which uses anaerobic digestion technology to treat waste water.

Above subject is further discussed in this aricle

WASTE TO ENERGY PROJECTS IN SWEDEN

In Sweden, less than 1% of its household waste are sent to landfills since 2011.

This is despite Sweden producing the same amount of waste per year as other European countries.

The average Swede produce 461 kg of waste, slightly below 500 kgs European average.

Sweden has set up 32 waste to energy plants across the country, which burn over 2 million metric tonne of trash annually.

These incineration centres produce enough power to supply 250,000 homes.

Above subject is further discussed in this article

WASTE TREATMENT  - INDIAN SCENARIO

India generated roughly 1.43 lakh metric tonne solid waste per day in 2015. Maharashtra alone generated over 26,820 metric tonne solid waste per day (2015). In 2016, in Delhi alone, almost 60 to 75% of recyclable waste consist of plastic. 78% of sewage remains untreated. More than 15,000 metric tonne of plastic waste is generated in India every day.  Of this, 6,000 metric tonne remain uncollected and littered. India generated 1.7million metric tonne of e-waste in 2014 (UN report).

Waste to energy initiative:

Current renewable energy generation capacity: 32 GW

24 projects to generate 233 MW in various stages of construction.

Some locations where waste to energy plants are coming up

  • Nalgonda in Telangana
  • Bawana and Kidwai Nagar in Delhi
  • Jabalpur in MP
  • Pune an Kolhapur in Maharashtra
  • Pallavaram in Chennai
  • Allahabad & Agra in UP
  • Bathinda and Jalandhar in Punjab
CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption refer mainly to emissions from use of coal as an energy source .

Carbon dioxide, basically a by product of fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning, is also emitted from land use changes and other industrial processes

Three BRICS nations, India, China and South Africa, figure among countries with the highest proportion of carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel, primary coal.While proportion of solid fuel based carbon dioxide emissions of most major countries have shown a downward trend, the overall global figure has risen.

Carbon dioxide emissions from solid fuel consumption (% of total)

          

Mongolia

90.8

DPR Korea

87.8

Estonia

87.2

South Africa

83

Bosnia & Herzegovina

78.1

China

73.1

Lesotho

70.1

Serbia

69.8

Poland

68.3

Zimbanbwe

66

Hong Kong

65.6

India

65.4

Montenegro

64.8

Czech Republic

63.6

Macedonia,FYR

59.7

           

 

World

Year Percentage

1960

8.86%

2013

18.5%

 

 SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE

The articles discuss about the accidents that occurred in the following plants

  • Fire in Aurobindo Pharma at Srikakulam unit
  • Fire at Nitika Pharma’s Nagpur unit
  • Fire at  refinery unit of Reliance Industries
  • Accident at fireworks unit in Virudhunagar , Tamil Nadu
  • Mine accident in Jharkhand
ANTI DUMPING PAGE

The antidumping measures introduced in  the last few weeks on the following product  is discussed

  • Unwrought aluminium imports
NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Desalination technology
  • Production of  liquid metal hydride reagent by Vertellus
CHINA NEWS

The recent developments  in China are discussed in the following articles

  • Technical criteria for lithium ion batteries
  • Pilot reactor for dispersions
  • Slow release fertiliser project
  • ABS project
NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Coconut sugar-based dark chocolate
  • Agreement for petrochemical projects
  • Proposal for plastic currency notes
  • Steel project of NMDC
  • AP petrochemical plant
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS

Recent developments on the following products are discussed

  • Super sponge to clean up oil spills in Arctic
  • Technology for rice fortification with iron
  • Technology for wastewater treatment plant in MP
  • Heat resistant materials identified
  • Needle-like diamonds to power quantum PCs
AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE

Recent developments  in the agro  fields are  discussed in the following  articles

  • Approval for bionematicide
  • Use of 51 pesticides banned world over to be continued in India
PHARMA PAGE

Recent developments  in the pharma  fields are  discussed in the following  articles

  • Stem cell research by Novo
  • New muscular atrophy drug - Nusinersen
  • Chikungunya vaccine
  • Biosimilar developed by Biocon, Mylan
  • Norms eased for makers of biologic products
  • Vaccines  for  immunisation programme
ENERGY PAGE

Recent developments  in the energy  fields are  discussed in the following  articles

  • India’s 87% solar cell imports  are from China
  • Pilot project for hydrogen-powered 3-wheelers
  • Roadblocks in ethanol blending programme
ENVIRONMENT PAGE

Recent developments  in the environment  field is discussed in the following  article

  • China launches CO2 monitoring satellite
OTHER ARTICLES
  • SPOT PRICE OF POLYMERS  IN CHINA – PERIOD DECEMBER,2016
  • TENDERS
  • CHEMICALS IMPORTED AT THE CHENNAI PORT-DURING THE MONTH OF OCTOBER 2016