Global Information Source for Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Allied Industries123
  • +91-44-43511945

  • info@nandinichemical.com

Journals

                     HIGHLIGHTS OF ARTICLES FROM NOVEMBER 2016 ISSUE OF

                                            NANDINI CHEMICAL JOURNAL

HIGHLIGHTS OF SOME OF THE ARTICLES
  • GOVERNMENT OF INDIA’S LNG / COAL POLICY CONTRADICT IT’S CLIMATE POLICY ?
  • ALKYL KETENE DIMER – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • ETHYL VANILLIN – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • GOVERNMENT’S DISINVESTMENT MOVE FOR PUBLIC SECTOR UNITS - IS IT APPROPRIATE ?
  • GOVERNMENT’S QUESTIONABLE PLAN FOR STRANDED POWER UNITS
  • GLOBAL CRUDE OIL PRICE – FINDINGS OF THE STUDY BY IEA
  • GOVERNMENT’S PRICING POLICY ON ETHANOL FOR BLENDING
  • WHY ETHANOL UNITS DISAGREE ?
  • ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE – RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
  • MEMBRANE PLANT OF LANXESS AT BITTERFELD IN GERMANY
  • GLOBAL MARKET SCENARIO FOR POLYMERS
  • LEADING PRODUCERS’ CAPACITIES IN 2015
  • GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO
  • KITE DRIVEN POWER STATIONS – AN EMERGING POWER OPTION
  • SALE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES IN INDIA
  • CRITICAL NUCLEAR POWER ISSUES IN USA
  • ANTI DUMPING PAGE
  • SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE
  • NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL
  • ANNUAL SALES OF TOP COMPANIES IN THE WORLD
  • TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
  • CHINA NEWS
  • NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA
  • AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE
  • PHARMA PAGE
  • ENERGY PAGE
  • ENVIRONMENT PAGE
  • OTHER ARTICLES
TALK OF THE MONTH

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA’S LNG / COAL POLICY CONTRADICT IT’S CLIMATE POLICY ?

India’s promises to COP 21

INDC report submitted by India to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change during the Paris Climate Conference contained the following promises

Emission reduction

To reduce the emissions intensity of India’s GDP by 33 to 35% by 2030 from 2005 level.

Renewable energy

To achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030.

Carbon sink

To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion metric tonne of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.

After having made such promises, it is surprising that Government of India is now committing itself to the increased use of fossil fuel such as natural gas and coal , even as it is pursuing renewable energy. Is this approach appropriate to its pledge to combat global warming ?

Government’s LNG policy

While globally natural gas makes up for 24 per cent of the energy basket, it is 6.5 to 7 percent in India. Government of India says that it would like to raise the share of natural gas in the energy basket to 15 per cent in the next 5 years.

In Eastern India, the government is laying 2,500 km long pipeline, which will provide natural gas to industry and help in gas distribution in seven cities of Eastern India.

Government of India wants to promote LNG as a fuel for vehicles. Efforts are being made to have LNG driven bus soon. Long haul driven vehicles and trains will also be encouraged to use LNG as fuel.

India’s natural gas production

Year

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

 

In billion cubic metre

         

Production

47.5

52.2

47.6

40.7

35.4

33.7

As the Indian production of natural gas is nearly stagnant , India has to steadily increase the import of LNG, as the government of India wants to increase the share of natural gas in the energy basket.

Plans for LNG terminals to increase LNG import

India currently has LNG import and regassification capacity of 21 million metric tonne and the Government of India plans to more than double its annual LNG import capacity to 50 million metric tonne in the next few years.

Petronet LNG Ltd operates a 10 million metric tonne a year LNG import terminal at Dahej in Gujarat and has another 5 million metric tonne facility at Kochi, which is lying mostly idle because of lack of pipeline to take the gas to consumers.

Dahej terminal is being expanded to 15 million metric tonne this year and is proposed to be further expanded to 18 million metric tonne in future.

Royal Dutch Shell operates a 5 million metric tonne a year LNG terminal at Hazira in Gujarat, while a 1.2 million metric tonne capacity operational terminal is there at Dabhol in Maharashtra.

Government’s coal policy - Thermal power continues to lead the power sector in India 

For the 12th Five Year Plan, a total of 88,500 MW of power capacity addition is targeted, of which 72,300 MW constitutes thermal power, 1080 MW hydro power and 5300 MW nuclear power.

Government of India appears to have no intention of significantly decreasing the usage of coal in the new thermal power projects.

This is evident from the fact that the government plans to bid out more than 8 ultra mega power projects of generation capacity 4000 MW each in two and a half years, based on coal as fuel. It is reported that Government of India will shortly auction three ultra mega power projects (UMPP s) including Tilaiya and Cheyyurof total capacity of 12,000 MW, entailing investments of Rs. 80,000 crore.

India’s Coal production

Year

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

FY17E

CAGR

 

Million metric tonne

 

       

CIL

431.3

435.8

452.2

474.5

563.8

5.7%

SCCL

51.3

52.2

53.1

54.3

57.4

2%

Captive + Others

50

52

52.4

55.1

68.7

7%

Total production

532.6

540

557.7

583.9

689.9

5.5%

In 2015-16, Coal India (CIL) achieved a record production of 536million metric tonne, which was 42 million metric tonne more than the previous fiscal. Its production grew 8.5% year on year. CIL's output target is fixed at 598 million metric tonne for 2016-17.

Government of India wants to eliminate thermal coal imports by 2017 by doubling production of Coal India, which already has 80 % market share.

Government’s fossil fuel policy

Prime Minister Narendra Modi discussed with oil and gas experts on 5th Jan, 2015, focussing on subjects such as increasing the share of gas in India's energy mix, fresh investment in oil and gas exploration in India, regulatory frameworks, international acquisition of oil and gas assets, emerging areas such as shale gas and coal bed methane.

Source: Statement from the Prime Minister’s Office, 5th Jan, 2015

Obviously, Government of India has no plans for reducing the consumption of fossil fuel. Similar to natural gas and coal, the consumption of crude oil is also likely to increase steadily.

Renewable energy

While the government continues to rely on fossil fuel to sustain the economic and industrial growth of the country, it has set the following target for renewable energy

Source

Target for 2022

Present capacity as on end 2016

Additional capacity to be built between 2016 and 2022

Solar

100 GW

8 GW

92 GW

Wind

60 GW

27 GW

33 GW

Small hydro

5 GW

4.2 GW

0.8 GW

Biomass and others including waste to power

10 GW

4.68 GW

5.32 GW

Total

175 GW

43.88 GW

131.1 GW

Additional requirement for fossil fuel

As per the government’s scheme to use more coal and natural gas in the Indian energy basket to sustain Indian industrial and economic growth, additional requirement of fossil resources would be the following. Additional requirement of coal for all applications by 2022 will be 645 million metric tonne for power generation and other purposes.

Additional requirement of natural gas for all applications by 2022 will be 70 billion cubic meter per annum for power generation and other purposes.

Is increasing use of LNG / coal appropriate policy ?

Given India’s promise to combat climate change, one wonders whether burning of more natural gas and coal in power plants and elsewhere as fuel would be the appropriate strategy.

Burning fossil fuels create carbon emission and consequent global warming. It does not matter if it is coal, oil, propane, kerosene, gasoline or natural gas—it all contains carbon, which gets released as a greenhouse gas.

It is a fact that compared with coal, burning natural gas results in roughly half the amount of CO2per megawatt hour of electricity. The most advanced natural gas burning power plants can still emit around 385 kgs of CO2 per megawatt hour of electricity produced. All those power plants that burn natural gas will still spew CO2, albeit less than the equivalent coal fired power plant. This would make it hard to achieve the goals of CO2 emission reduction, if India were to use more coal ,natural gas and diesel as fuel.

Further, it is possible that natural gas can leak. Leaks occur when the well is drilled, during transport in pipelines, at storage sites, or when methane is pumped into the natural gas(methane) powered buses. This will add methane to the atmosphere, which would increase global warming, when methane gradually converts to carbon dioxide.

It can be seen that continued and increased usage of fossil fuel is contrary to the objective of positive approach to tackle climate change issues.

It is critical that India should focus not just on growth but also on cleaner growth.

What action plan ?

Now that India has not significantly reduced its greenhouse gas emissions , government of India should be gravely concerned about the push for the use of more natural gas and coal, which are potent greenhouse fuel.

Considering the fact that there are twin challenges facing India due to the climate change issues and impending energy needs and the fact that both the issues are inter related, the strategic approach of the Government should be oriented to find elegant and integrated solution for both the issues in one stroke.

Obviously, the focus of the strategic approach should be to utilize eco friendly feedstocks for generation of energy to the maximum extent possible, keeping in view that the economic and GDP growth target and climate issues can not be sacrificed.

The most important action needed is to reduce all fossil fuel use and markedly increase efficiencies and take up appropriate renewable energy projects like wind (both onshore and off shore), solar, nuclear, algae bio fuel and similar other eco friendly fuel source in a bigger way, where there are huge opportunities.

Given the fact that India plans to build renewable energy projects to the level of around 131 GW in the next 6 years, there is strong case to re examine as whether so many new power projects based on coal or natural gas are necessary With more than 2,70,000 MW of power generation capacity already in India, the capacity utilization of the power projects in India are only in the region of 50 percent at present. Why not improve the capacity utilization of existing power projects and reduce transmission loss, instead of building up more fossil fuel based power projects?

Obviously, Government of India has to re work the energy strategy in tune with its commitment to COP 21, instead of marching on the beaten path.

 

ALKYL KETENE DIMER – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

Product characteristic and specification

  • CAS No                             :      142245-85-20
  • Synonyms                           :     AKD,  AKD wax
  • Appearance                        :     Milky white, waxy flake solid
  • Solubility                            :     Insoluble in water
  • Toxicity                              :    AKD exposure is considered to be without risk.
  • Storage                               :    Storage temperature should not be higher than 35 degree C
  • Packaging                            :    Fibre drums with 25 kg of product
  • Biodegradability                   :    Readily biodegradable

Product specification

Name of the producer Suzhou Tianma Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd., China

Description

Value

Appearance

Pale yellow, flaky wax

Content

85% min

C16 content 30%

65%

C18 content 65%

30%

Melting point

47 deg C min

Loss on drying

1.0% max

Iodine value

43gI2 per 100g

Acid value

5.0 mg KOH per g Max

Free fatty acid

1.0% max

Shelf life

6 months

Storage temperature

25 deg C

 

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Product application

  • Indian import / export

  • Demand driver

  • Demand growth

  • Indian demand

  • Outline of process and raw material used

  • Raw material

  • Global production

  • Major global producers

  • Prognosis

ETHYL VANILLIN – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

Product characteristic and specification

  • CAS number               :121-32-4

  • Chemical formula         :C9H10O3

  • Compared to vanillin, ethyl vanillin has an ethoxy group (-O-CH2CH3) rather than a methoxy group (-O-CH3).

  • Appearance                 :White to slightly yellow needle like crystal or crystal powder

  • Fragrance Similar to vanilla beans, stronger than vanillin

  • Melting point                 :76 to 78 deg.C

  • Stability                         :Stable under normal conditions

Storage Should be kept in cool, dry, ventilated storage and closed containers. High temperatures and direct sunlight must be avoided.

Handling Dust may form as explosive mixture with air.

Direct contact may be avoided.

  • Toxicity > 2000 mg/kg [LD50 (Oral) - Rat / rabbit]

  • Packaging 25 kg - Cardboard box lined with PE bags

Product specification

  • Name of the producer Solvay Inc., USA

  • Brand name RHODIAROME™

 

Description

Value

Purity %

99.60 to 100

Gas chromatograph

Passes test

Loss on drying (%)

0.000 to 0.050

Melting point (deg C)

76.0 to 78.0

Odour

Strong vanilla-like odour

Residue on ignition

0.000 to 0.050

 

Followiing details are discussed in this article

  • Product application

  • Indian import / export

  • Pattern of countrywise import

  • Indian producers and production

  • Proposed projects under planning

  • Demand driver

  • Demand growth

  • Indian demand in 2016

  • Outline of process and raw material used

  • Raw material

  • Top global importers / exporters

  • Global production

  • Major global producers

  • Prognosis

GOVERNMENT’S DISINVESTMENT MOVE FOR PUBLIC SECTOR UNITS - IS IT APPROPRIATE ?

NITI Aayog, the Government of India’s think tank has recommended strategic sale in several Public Sector Units ( PSU), that would result in bringing down the Government of India’s share in these entities to under 50%.

NITI Aayog has argued that this model will help maximise revenue, while focusing on strategic sectors such as oil or segments, where the government wants to avoid a dominant role of the private sector.

While the Government of India may be justified in disinvestment in the loss making PSUs, one wonders whether similar strategy should be adopted for profit making PSU’s also.

Is this move appropriate and needed ?

The government’s approach to disinvestment needs clarity.

 

Top profit making PSUs

Top loss making PSUs

 

Rs.

In crore

 

Rs.

in crore

ONGC

17,733

BSNL

8,234

Coal India

13,383

Air India

5,860

NTPC

10,291

MTNL

2,893

NMDC

6,422

Hindustan Photo Films

2,164

Power Finance

5,959

MRPL

1,712

Indian Oil

5,273

Hindustan Cables

933

Rural Electrification Corp

5,260

STCL

413

BPCL

5,085

FACT*

400

PowerGrid

4,979

Air India Engg Services

390

South Eastern Coalfields

3,660

Hindustan Fertiliser Corp

381

Total for top10

78,045

Total for top10

23,380

Total for profitable PSUs

1,30,363

Total losses for all loss making PSUs

27,360

 

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Loss making PSUs

  • Profit making PSUs

  • Not for the sake of privatisation

GOVERNMENT’S QUESTIONABLE PLAN FOR STRANDED POWER UNITS

The extent of non performing loans in power sector in India is estimated at about Rs.4 lakh crore and about Rs.3.5 lakh crore in steel.

India added an average of 20,000 MW annually to its thermal power capacity over the last five years. But lower than projected growth in demand, fuel shortage and the inability of debt-laden power distribution companies to enter into new long term power purchase agreements (PPAs) have left a sizeable portion of these new capacities stranded.

According to an estimate, a total of 25,000 MW power capacity — commissioned or under construction — is lying idle for want of buyers of power or assured fuel supply agreements. Tenders for just 11,000 MW have been floated by the states since 2011 for new PPAs.

Government of India seems to have zeroed in on a new solution to tackle the issue of stressed assets in power, steel and shipyards — all crucial infrastructure sectors.

Government of India has now decided to allow, in some cases, banks to take over some stressed assets and hand these over to established public sector undertakings for an interim period.

Above subject is further discussed in this article.

GLOBAL CRUDE OIL PRICE – FINDINGS OF THE STUDY BY IEA

Oil supply and demand could come back into balance earlier than expected, if OPEC’s agreement to curb output is implemented, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said.

At its September meeting, OPEC said it had agreed to cut its supply by up to 750,000 barrels per day to between 32.5 and 33 million barrels per day.

By agreeing to curb output for the first time in eight years, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries has “effectively abandoned” the free market policy adopted in 2014, IEA said in its monthly report.

While the new strategy could help erode the “massive oil inventory overhang,” there could be another surge in American output if prices rise to $60 a barrel.

Following details are discussed in this article.

  • Demand growth trend for crude oil

  • Oil glut

  • Oil price

GOVERNMENT’S PRICING POLICY ON ETHANOL FOR BLENDING WHY ETHANOL UNITS DISAGREE ?

Ethanol Blending Programme (EBP) was launched by Government of India in 2003 and has been extended to the 21 states and four Union Territories to promote the use of alternative and environment-friendly fuels and reduce the country’s import dependence for energy needs.

Government of India had first proposed the 5% blending of ethanol with petrol in 2003 and made it mandatory in 2007. In December 2013, the Sharad Pawar panel mooted doubling the blending limit to 10%, which was re-iterated by the Cabinet committee on economic affairs in April 2015. In August,2015 Prime Minister Narendra Modi directed ministries concerned to look for ways to make the proposed blending programme a reality soon.

Almost 13 years after the government first mooted the blending of ethanol with petrol at a 5:95 ratio and endorsed it at various stages, the country finally realised it in 2015-16.

To provide price stability and remunerative prices to ethanol suppliers, the Government of India has approved ‚Äča new pricing mechanism for ethanol supply to public sector oil marketing companies (OMCs) to carry out the ethanol blended petrol (EBP) programme.

Following details are discussed in this article.

  • Past performance of the ethanol blending programme

  • Price for ethanol for EBP programme

  • Views of ethanol units

  • Ion exchange membrane - Recent Developments

  • RO membranes are used in treating and purifying water.

The market for RO membrane elements is projected to grow at a compound annual rate of 10% during 2015–20 and is expected to be worth almost €1 billion in 2016.

The ion-exchange resins market is growing about an average 3.6% annually and will be worth about $1.9 billion in 2019.

Few of the following recent developments in the ion exchange membrane field are highlighted in this article.

  • Consortium  promotes membrane researchin Singapore
  • Collaboration for testing of energy saving membrane bioreactor

  • Performance reports for reverse osmosis membranes

  • Dow invests in Irish MABR technology company OxyMem

  • Humes licences Imbrium’s Jellyfish filter membrane technology

  • Ovivo partners with Microdyn-Nadir to service US MBR market

  • GE to buy Dutch membrane manufacturer IMT Solutions

  • Membrane module production facility in Austria

MEMBRANE PLANT OF LANXESS AT BITTERFELD IN GERMANY

Lanxess is now offering Lewabrane membrane separation elements for reverse osmosis to complement its established Lewatit ion exchange resins.

Lewbrane membrane separation elements will be produced at the new Lanxess production unit in Bitterfeld ,Germany that came on stream last year.

Industrial production of ion-exchange resins began at Bitterfeld, Germany in 1938. Lanxess also produces ion-exchange resins at Leverkusen, Germany; and Jhagadia, India.

Lanxess has invested €40 million ($45 million) at the Bitterfeld site during the last five years, and it has increased sales of its RO membranes almost fivefold since 2013.

Lanxess will double production capacity of the company’s reverse-osmosis (RO) membrane plant at Bitterfeld-Wolfen, Germany, in 2017.

Initially, customers will be able to buy two RO element types with different capacities that are based on polyamide thin-film composite membranes. Lanxess says that other RO element types will be added to the product range soon.

Following details are discussed in this article.

  • Application of Lewabrane membrane

  • Specification

GLOBAL MARKET SCENARIO FOR POLYMERS

GPS 2016 was held in Chicago, Illinois,USA on 28-29 September.

Although demand for both polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) will exceed GDP, even faster capacity build will pressure margins, speakers at the recent Global Plastic Summit (GPS) 2016 say.

Demand for polystyrene (PS) on the other hand, will grow very slowly, and despite limited capacity expansions, global operating rates will remain low.

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) will meanwhile remain plagued by over capacity.

Highlights of the observations made during the meet are given in this article

LEADING PRODUCERS’ CAPACITIES IN 2015

(in thousands of metric tonne per year)

Polyethylene

Rank

Company

Capacity

% share of global

1

ExxonMobile Chemical

8,703

8.57

2

Dow Chemical

7,914

7.79

3

SABIC

6,000

5.91

4

Sinopec

5,804

5.72

5

IPIC family*

5,305

5.22

6

LyondellBasell

4,993

4.92

 

Others

62,832

61.87

Global Total

 

101,551

100.00

 

Polypropylene

1

Sinopec

5,804

8.06

2

LyondellBasell

5,449

7.57

3

CNPC

3,368

4.68

4

SABIC

2,804

3.89

5

Total

2,750

3.82

6

Reliance Industries

2,750

3.82

 

Others

49,068

68.16

Global Total

 

71,993

100.00

 

GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO

New installations for renewable energy overtook conventional power for the first time in 2015, the Paris-based agency said in its Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report.

Global green power rose by a record 153 gigawatts, equivalent to 55 percent of newly installed capacity last year.

Following details are discussed in this article.

  • Global renewable electricity net additions to power capacity
  • IEA’s regional conclusions
KITE DRIVEN POWER STATIONS – AN EMERGING POWER OPTION

By having two kites working in tandem, one going up as the other floats back down, electricity can be generated continuously.

The kites fly to heights of up to 450m in a figure-of-eight pattern, pulling a tether, as they rise which turns a turbine that produces electricity.

Above subject is further discussed in this article.

SALE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES IN INDIA

Power distribution companies as well as open access and captive consumers are under obligation to buy Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) from renewable energy producers under RPO mandated by central/state regulatory commissions.

RECs are aimed at providing an easier avenue for various entities, including power distribution companies, to meet their green energy obligations.

Above subject is further discussed in this article.

CRITICAL NUCLEAR POWER ISSUES IN USA

                                                By Dr.D.M.Mohunta

                                                dmm@ccdcindia.com

Age of nuclear reactors

The U.S.nuclear fleet is aging. More than 80 commercial reactors have garnered federal licenses to operate for 60 years, but 41 of these are more than 40 years old.If nuclear plants close or at least, mostly close at around 60 years, then the big wave of closures comes in around 2030.

To date, only two reactor owners are considering seeking license for 80 years of operation (Exeion for Peach Bottom units 2 and 3 and Dominion for Surry Units 1 and 2). If other plant owners are able to extend, lifetimes could shift that 2030 date closer to 2050 closures.

Possible closure of reactors

Over the last five years, low natural gas prices, market dynamics, technical issues and policies that favour renewables have precipitated the closure or announced closure of 14 nuclear reactors.

There are 99 reactors, which include the commercial start of Watts Bar 2 and closure of Fort Calhoun in USA.

New York has recently approved incentive programme to help three nuclear plants remain economic over the next decade.

The closure posed an “irony” in the context of the Clean Power Plan.

New reactors

New reactors will come online over the next five years, but only in the Southeast are taking place. These include Vogtle and V.C.Summer reactors.

ANTI DUMPING PAGE

The antidumping measures introduced in the last few weeks on the following products are discussed

  • Ofloxacin

  • Narrow woven fabric

  • Fastening tape

  • Toluene Diisocyanate

SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE

The articles discuss about the accidents that occurred in the following plants

  • Two workers die in blast in Chennai

  • Ship-breaking accident in Pakistan

  • Fire at BASF’s Ludwigshafen complex

  • Carbon disulphide leak at factory in Kochi sparks blast

  • Gas leak at GNFC

NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Nova’s LLDPE plant in Canada

  • Lithium hydroxide facility in Chile

  • HDPE plant facility of LyondellBasell in USA

  • Butadiene derivatives unit of Kuraray, PTTGC, Sumitomo

  • 3-methyl-1,5-pentanediol

  • Composite materials capacities of Solvay in Germany

  • Nylon-12 powders production plant of Evonik in Germany

  • Pakistan’s LNG import plans

  • Bio-BDO plant

  • Alpha olefins facility

  • HFC phasedown

  • Polysilicon business facility in Malaysia

  • Li-ion battery separators

  • VAE emulsions plant in Singapore

ANNUAL SALES OF TOP CHEMICAL COMPANIES IN THE WORLD

Company

(headquarters)

2015 chemical sales in millions $

Chemical revenues as percent of overall sales

2015 chemical capital spending in millions $

BASF (Germany)

$59,275

77%

$6,213

Sinopec (China)

50,288

16

2,692

Dow Chemical (US)

48,778

100

3,703

ExxonMobil (US)

40,744

16

2,843

SABIC (Saudi Arabia) a

36,642

93

NA

Formosa Plastics Group (Taiwan)

36,250

60

NA

Mitsubishi Chemical (Japan)

29,043

86

1,604

Ineos (Switzerland)

28,058

100

NA

LyondellBasell Industries (US)

26,178

80

1,319

DuPont (US)

25,130

100

1,629

Royal Dutch Shell (Netherlands; UK)

24,853

9

3,600

Linde (Germany)

19,607

100

2,247

Toray Industries (Japan)

18,200

96

1,147

Total (France) a

17,500

12

NA

AkzoNobel (Netherlands)

16,236

100

711

Air Liquide (France)

16,109

90

2,504

PPG Industries (US)

15,330

100

796

Monsanto (US)

15,001

100

967

Sumitomo Chemical (Japan)

14,803

79

797

Agrium (Canada)

14,795

100

1,315

Evonik (Germany)

14,759

100

958

IPIC (UAE) a

14,692

41

NA

LG Chem (South Korea)

14,543

84

915

Ecolab (US)

13,545

100

771

Syngenta (Switzerland)

13,535

100

576

Covestro (Germany)

13,202

100

556

Bayer (Germany)

12,956

26

NA

Yara (Norway)

12,792

100

1,089

Reliance Industries (India)

12,400

28

NA

Braskem (Brazil)

12,130

100

1,041

Solvay (Belgium)

11,559

100

1,529

Shin-Etsu (Japan)

11,370

100

1,315

Sherwin-Williams (US)

11,339

100

234

PTT Global Chemical (Thailand)

11,207

100

493

Praxair (US)

10,776

100

1,541

Mitsui Chemicals (Japan)

10,595

89

368

3M (US)

10,328

34

317

Huntsman (US)

10,299

100

663

Air Products (US)

9,895

100

2,028

Henkel (Germany)

9,826

50

248

Eastman Chemical (US)

9,648

100

652

CPChem (US)

9,248

100

NA

Asahi Kasei (Japan)

$9,088

53%

NA

Mosaic (US)

8,895

100

$800

Lanxess (Germany)

8,635

100

474

DSM (Netherlands)

8,438

100

522

Arkema (France)

8,395

100

471

SK Innovation (South Korea)

7,918

19

NA

Sasol (South Africa)

7,241

56

NA

Lotte Chemical (South Korea)

7,222

100

220

Lubrizol (US)

7,000

100

NA

DIC (Japan)

6,816

100

267

Tosoh (Japan)

6,696

100

228

Indorama Ventures (Thailand)

6,670

100

733

 

 

Showa Denko (Japan)

6,492

100

338

Honeywell (US)

6,486

17

NA

PotashCorp (Canada)

6,279

100

1,217

Clariant (Switzerland)

5,861

100

377

Wacker-Chemie (Germany)

5,787

100

911

Chemours (US)

5,717

100

519

Teijin (Japan)

5,715

81

NA

Mexichem (Mexico)

5,708

100

666

Taiyo Nippon Sanso (Japan)

5,699

100

457

Celanese (US)

5,674

100

483

Dow Corning (US)

5,650

100

NA

SCG Chemical (Thailand)

5,544

45

NA

Sekisui Chemical (Japan)

5,534

57

401

Israel Chemicals Ltd. (Israel)

5,405

100

619

Ashland (US)

5,387

100

265

BP (UK)

5,336

2

NA

Airgas (US)

5,313

100

456

Eni/Versalis (Italy)

5,282

7

240

Mitsubishi Gas Chemical (Japan)

5,273

100

258

Sibur (Russia)

5,192

100

NA

Hitachi Chemical (Japan)

4,855

100

265

RPM (US)

$4,813

100 %

$117

North Huajin Chemical (China)

4,761

100

120

Hengyi Petrochemical (China)

4,670

100

40

K+S (Germany)

4,563

100

1,398

Eurochem (Switzerland)

4,540

100

969

Imerys (France)

4,466

100

297

Westlake Chemical (US)

4,463

100

491

Givaudan (Switzerland)

4,437

100

NA

Avery Dennison (US)

4,435

75

83

Kaneka (Japan)

4,409

89

368

Valspar (US)

4,392

100

652

Kuraray (Japan)

4,337

100

358

Johnson Matthey (UK)

4,310

89

322

CF Industries (US)

4,308

100

2,469

Sinochem (China)

4,193

10

NA

Hexion (US)

4,140

100

179

PKN Orlen (Poland)

4,068

18

NA

Daicel Chemical Industries (Japan)

3,997

100

319

Trinseo (US)

3,972

100

107

Orica (Australia)

3,945

100

316

Lonza (Switzerland)

3,838

100

266

Albemarle (US)

3,651

100

228

JSR (Japan)

3,436

100

240

PolyOne (US)

3,378

100

91

 

Axiall (US)

3,361

100

197

FMC (US)

3,300

100

109

Denka (Japan)

3,286

100

174

Petronas Chemicals (Malaysia)

3,152

100

666

W.R. Grace (US)

3,052

100

155

International Flavors & Fragrances (US)

3,023

100

101

Wanhua Chemical (China)

3,002

100

795

Courtesy: Chemical Week

 

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS

Recent developments on the following products are discussed

  • Patent granted for high viscous media conveyance

  • NCL ties up with Ross to develop insecticides

  • Scientists turn CO2 back into fuel

  • SAF configuration for wastewater treatment cuts energy use by 40%

  • Spunlaid nonwovens

  • PERC technology for solar cell

  • Human waste turned into fuel

CHINA NEWS

The recent developments in China are discussed in the following articles

  • Super black dyes

  • Cabot forms JV to manufacture fumed silica

  • Styrene and ethylene oxide project

NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • TAPI gas pipeline bloc

  • New variant for cement

  • Alternative refrigerant

  • Coal bed methane project of Reliance Industries

AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE

The recent developments on the following products are discussed

  • Onion compound may treat ovarian cancer

  • Approval for Bayer’s corn herbicide

  • Bt cotton crop area falls for first time

PHARMA PAGE

Recent developments in the pharma field is discussed in the following articles

  • New version of ibuprofen

  • Indian herbal market now competitive

ENERGY PAGE

Recent developments in the energy fields are discussed in the following articles

  • Prototype breeder reactor in Kalpakkam

  • Rs.306-crore JHBDPL pipeline project by GAIL

  • .Stranded wind power projects

  • Solar water pumping system

  • Oil & gas from Kutch off shore

  • Rooftop solar capacity

  • Shift away from coal – What policy for World Bank

  • Wind-power capacity

  • Batteries that make use of solar power

ENVIRONMENT PAGE

Recent development in environment fields are discussed in this article

  • Phasing out HFC – Recent developments

  • Atmospheric CO2 breaches crucial level in 2015

OTHER ARTICLES
  • SPOT PRICE OF POLYMERS IN CHINA – PERIOD OCTOBER,2016

  • TENDERS

  • CHEMICALS IMPORTED AT THE CHENNAI PORT DURING THE MONTH OF AUGUST 2016