Global Information Source for Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Allied Industries
  • +91-44-43511945

  • info@nandinichemical.com

Journals

                     HIGHLIGHTS OF ARTICLES FROM DECEMBER 2016 ISSUE OF

                                            NANDINI CHEMICAL JOURNAL

HIGHLIGHTS OF SOME OF THE ARTICLES
  • INDIAN INDUSTRIES SHOULD RESPOND POSITIVELY TO DEMONETISATION
  • BIO 1,3 PROPANEDIOL(BIO PDO) – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • SPOTLIGHT ON SPECIALITY CHEMICAL
  • GLYCIDYL METHACRYLATE
  • FURANDICARBOXYLIC ACID (FDCA)- BIO BASED BUILDING BLOCK
  • EMERGING PRODUCT
  • ULTRA HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYETHYLENE (UHMWPE)
  • PRODUCT PROFILE
  • PROPOSED POLYOL PROJECTS
  • PARIS CLIMATE ACCORD – RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
  • ONGC's FIRST DEEP WATER PROJECT AT
  • VASHISHTA S1 GAS FIELDS
  • SHALE GAS PROJECTS
  • RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN UK & CHINA
  • PHASE OUT SCHEDULES FOR HFCs
  • HFO-1234yf - RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
  • HELIUM SUPPLY SCENARIO – FINDINGS OF THE STUDY
  • SCIENTISTS TWEAK PHOTOSYNTHESIS TO BOOST CROP YIELD
  • PLANT CLOSURE
  • SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE
  • ANTI DUMPING PAGE
  • NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL
  • CHINA NEWS
  • NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA
  • TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
  • AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE
  • ENERGY PAGE
  • OTHER ARTICLES
TALK OF THE MONTH

INDIAN INDUSTRIES SHOULD RESPOND POSITIVELY TO DEMONETISATION

Ever since the Government of India announced demonetization of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 notes, there have been heated debate and discussions all over India about the positive and negative impact of the decision.

Common man’s response

It is said that the common man have been put to considerable hardships due to want of adequate level of currencies in circulation in the market. Government of India has appealed that considering the larger need of rooting out black money and fake currency notes, people may put up with the temporary discomfiture for sometime.

By and large, the common man have reacted positively to Government of India’s steps for demonetization of currencies. They have shown willingness to put up with whatever problems for sometime, understanding the imperative need to wipe away the black money and counter currency notes from the market and realizing the fact that there is no other say to do this other than demonitisation of high value currency.

There is general realization amongst cross section of the countrymen that removing black money and counter currency notes from circulation is the pre condition for the healthy growth of the national economy in the long run and the balanced growth in the country.

Industries, business houses and traders under scanner

However, there have been some murmur of protests from business houses that economy in the country have slowed down to some extent and some quarters have even said that the movement of economy has come to a halt , in the wake of the government’s decision to demonetize the currencies. Even some economists have agreed with this view and questioned the wisdom of the government’s decision, though many economists and strategic planners have supported the Government of India’s move as appropriate and need of the day.

While several industrial associations have reacted positively to the government’s move and issued press statements applauding the government’s efforts, the fact remains that there is general perception amongst the people that industries and business houses hold huge stock of black money and they carry out part of the transactions using cash.

All said and done , it appears that there is considerable justification and circumstantial evidence to blame industries, trading establishments and business houses for generation of black money in the country and use of such black money for varieties of purposes in unlawful way.

In recent time, several industries and business houses have been accused by the law enforcement agencies of resorting to under invoicing and over invoicing as well as the industries sometimes reporting less production than the actual and diverting “surplus production” without accounting them properly.

Industries and business houses should respond positively

It is imperative that the industries and business houses should erase such negative image and they should respond positively to the move of the Government of India to eliminate black money.

While government is bound to catch the industries and business houses that violate the law and would levy punitive taxes for concealing the income, it would be in the interest of the industries and business houses themselves, both in the short run and long run, to pledge themselves to carry fair business practices ethically, adhering to the letter and spirit of the law. There is need for sustained campaign by the associations representing the industries, trading/business houses to stress the fact, that professional management with honesty of purpose as the underlying principle and central theme is the only and sure way to forge ahead in a healthy way.

Prime Minister Modi has given a wake up call and fresh impetus for the anti black money reform in the country.

Industries have to take special care and ensure that they adopt not only fair transaction and avoid generation and distribution of black money but also appear to do so.

 

BIO 1,3 PROPANEDIOL (BIO PDO)-INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

Appearance            : Liquid

CAS No                  : 504-63-2

Chemical formula    : CH2(CH2OH)2

Specific gravity       : 1.054

Viscosity                 : 52 cP at 20 deg C

1,3 Propanediol can be synthesized from both bio based and petrochemical based sources.

Specification for Bio based 1,3 propanediol

Name of the producer    : DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products Company LLC, Tennessee, USA

Product                        : Biobased 1,3 propanediol produced from corn

Brand name                  :Susterra® Propanediol

Application                   :Heat Transfer Fluids, polyurethane

Description

Value

Assay, wt. %

99.7

Appearance

Clear

Molecular Weight

76.1

Hydroxyl Value

1475

Viscosity, cP (20 deg C)

52

Density (20 deg C)

1.053

Boiling Point (760 mmHg)

214 deg C

Freezing Point

-24 deg C

Flash Point

129 deg C

Water, % max

0.05

Colour, APHA max

15

The following details are discussed in this article

  • Product application

  • Advantages of bio based 1,3 Propanediol

  • Approval

  • Demand supply

  • Import/export of 1,3 propanediol

  • Global scenario

  • Demand driver

  • Global demand for 1,3 propanediol

  • Pattern of application wise global demand

  • Global producers of bio based 1,3 propanediol

  • Process technology

  • .Prognosis

SPOTLIGHT ON SPECIALITY CHEMICAL - GLYCIDYL METHACRYLATE

Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) is an ester of methacrylic acid and a common monomer used in the production of epoxy resins.

  • CAS number                          :106-91-2
  • Appearance                            :Clear liquid with a sharp odour
  • Synonyms                               :2-Propenoic acid; Epoxy Glycidyl Ether
  • Chemical formula                      :CH2C(CH3)COOCH2(CHCH2)O
  • Density at 25 deg C                   :1.074 g per ml
  • Water solubility at 20 deg C         :23 gram per litre water
  • Biodegradability                           :Readily biodegradable

The following details are discussed in this article

  • Product specification

  • Product applications

  • Indian scenario

  • Indian import / export

  • Production process

  • Demand driver

  • Global scenario

  • Global production/demand

  • Region wise pattern of global production

  • Global market

  • Major global producers

FURANDICARBOXYLIC ACID (FDCA) - BIO BASED BUILDING BLOCK EMERGING PRODUCT

2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) is a promising bio-based building block for resins and polymers, and it is expected to come to the market in the next one or two years.

Typical applications for FDCA are in polyesters, polyamides, solvents and plasticisers with its main potential found in renewable plastics.

FDCA can substitute for terephthalic acid (TPA) in the production of polyesters (such as PET), giving rise to a new class of polyethylene furanoate (PEF) polymers and the production of bio-based recyclable plastic bottles.

FDCA has thus far not been commercialised because of its high price, and production is further limited by availability of the intermediate hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF).

Pilot scale production has served to validate the production pathways and provided valuable information on the potential process performance at industrial scale.

The following details are discussed in this article

  • Global producers

  • Process outline for bio based FDCA

  • Prospects

ULTRA HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYETHYLENE (UHMWPE) - PRODUCT PROFILE
  • UHMWPE is a linear polyethylene (PE) with much higher molecular weight than standard polyethylene .,

  • UHMWPE has excellent properties such as outstanding impact resistance, cutting resistance, chemical corrosion resistance, UV resistance and strong low temperature resistance.

  • UHMWPE is eight times lighter than steel and lasts 10 times longer than high-density PE in abrasive environments.

  • Supplied as powder, UHMWPE must be processed at high pressure that fuse the particles.

  • The following details are discussed in this article

  • Applications

  • Technology for UHMWPE fibre production

  • New method to produce ultra high molecular weight PE implants to replace bone tissue

  • Global demand

  • U.S. UHMWPE market volume by application in USA

  • Scenario in China

  • Global producers

  • Indian scenario

  • Countrywise Indian import

  • Pattern of region wise import

  • CIF price of imported UHMWPE in India

PROPOSED POLYOL PROJECTS

Proposed polyols, propylene plant in Hungary

MOL Group (Budapest, Hungary) plans to invest $1.9 billion to develop its petrochemical business during 2017–21, focusing on the propylene chain. The company will spend more than $500 million to increase the propylene yield of its steam crackers in Hungary and Slovakia and it will add capacity for propylene oxide–based polyols.

MOL plans to invest $80–130 million in its refineries in Hungary and Slovakia to increase the flexibility of propylene and lubricants production.

MOL has more than 800,000 metric tonne per year of propylene capacity divided among crackers at Tiszaujvaros, Hungary; and Bratislava, Slovakia, as well as fluid catalytic cracking units at Szazhalombatta, Hungary; and Bratislava.

The following details are discussed in this article

Proposed polyols plant in Saudi Arabia using novel process

PARIS CLIMATE ACCORD – RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

The Paris Agreement, meant to take various climate actions by all countries post 2020 to save the world from disastrous consequences of global warming had entered into force on November 4.

The pre 2020 action is being covered by the Kyoto Protocol of 1997, where only developed nations are supposed to take actions to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

The UN climate conference concluded on 19-11-2016, with negotiators from over 190 countries took the following decisions.

  • Sets a deadline of 2018 to finalise rules for implementing the Paris Agreement

  • Signed the India-led initiative-International Solar Alliance

  • Businesses, investors, cities and local governments issued new climate change commitments

  • Declaration by group of 40 countries which comprise the ‘Climate Vulnerable Forum’ strengthens call to limit global temperature rise to as close to 1.5 degrees Celsius as possible

The conference also agreed on a clear roadmap to meet that deadline.

The rules to implement the Paris climate deal will be framed in such a way that it can take care of transparency of action of all countries as per their respective pledges under the Agreement, which was adopted by 195 countries in December last year.

The rules will specify the ways and means for measuring and accounting of emissions reductions in all countries. It will also have a mechanism to mobilise climate finance to help the developing countries in taking adaptation measures.

ONGC's FIRST DEEP WATER PROJECT AT VASHISHTA S1 GAS FIELDS

ONGC’s project

ONGC is setting up first project involving three sub sea wells in depths ranging from 400 metre to 700 metre.

The upcoming $5.1 billion project is expected to enhance drilling capacity to 1400 metre below sea level in cluster-2 stage. With cluster-3, the deep-water team will take drilling up to 2,800 metre, which would be a path breaking attempt in offshore drilling.

In the last 40 years, India has attempted only shallow water drilling.

The ONGC project, executed by J. Ray Mc Dermott S.A., Berlian McDermott and L&T Hydrocarbon Engineering, will have the capacity to produce up to 4.5 billion cubic feet of gas.

ONGC expects to commence production by mid-2017 .

Following details are discussed in this article

  • 1 km long steel pipelines oil and gas fields
SHALE GAS PROJECTS RECENT DEVELOPMENT IN UK & CHINA

Scenario in UK

In a pivotal decision for the United Kingdom’s nascent fracking industry, the UK government approved an application by Cuadrilla Resources (Lichfield, United Kingdom) to test drill four wells for gas at a site at Preston New Road, near Blackpool. However, the government has deferred a decision on a second site, nearby Roseacre Wood, to give Cuadrilla more time to provide evidence on road traffic issues and allow other parties to make further representations.

Privately owned Cuadrilla is the second largest player in the UK fracking sector, after Ineos .

These will be the first horizontal shale gas wells drilled and tested in the United Kingdom and that April 2017 is the earliest drilling can begin. Fracking would take place in the second half of the year.

The plans for the sites, first filed for approval in 2014, were rejected last summer by the local authority, Lancashire County Council, on the grounds of noise and traffic impact, despite the site near Preston New Road being recommended for approval by local planning officials.

Above subject Is further discussed in this article.

PHASE OUT SCHEDULES FOR HFCs

HFCs were developed when their predecessors, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), were found to be damaging the ozone layer.

Production and use of CFCs were discontinued under the Montreal Protocol. CFCs were ultimately replaced by HFCs, which have zero ozone damaging potential but high global warming potential (GWP). The GWP of HFCs is thousands of times more powerful than that of carbon dioxide (CO2).

The following details are discussed in this article

  • Legislatiion

  • Strategies

  • HFC-134a

HFO-1234yf - RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

Rapidly introducing HFO would prevent the emission of hundreds of millions of metric tonne of CO2into the atmosphere, according to Honeywell.

In Germany alone, converting all cars to HFO would be equivalent to preventing the CO2 emissions from 2.8 billion liters of gasoline consumed in one year.

Chemours projects that the use of its HFOs will eliminate more than 350 million metric tonne in CO2equivalents by 2025, the same effect as removing 70 million cars from the road for one year.

HFO-1234yf has a GWP of less than one and HFC-134a has a GWP of 1,300.

HFO-1234yf was developed in anticipation of the MAC rules in Europe, but production was located in China because of the need to ramp up quickly. “When the product was approved to conform to the MAC standard China was the only place they could get the plant up quickly enough”.

Above subject is further discussed in this article.

HELIUM SUPPLY SCENARIO – FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

Helium—the lightest gas except for hydrogen—is valued for its chemical stability and used in defense, research and other scientific applications in addition to medical imaging and electronics.

Only 10 companies, usually industrial-gas firms, have direct access to helium sources. These companies include Air Liquide, Air Products, Linde, LNG Japan, Matheson Tri-Gas, Messer, and Praxair.

The following details are discussed in this article

  • Market trend

  • Demand trend

  • Supply

  • Thrust area for demand

SCIENTISTS TWEAK PHOTOSYNTHESIS TO BOOST CROP YIELD

A decade ago, agricultural scientists at the University of Illinois in USA suggested an approach to improve the food supply by tinkering with photosynthesis.

After several years of work funded by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the scientists are reporting considerable progress.

Using genetic engineering techniques to alter photosynthesis, the scientists increased the productivity of a test plant — tobacco — by as much as 20 percent and the study details were published by the journal Science.

Above subject is further discussed in this article

PLANT CLOSURES

The articles discusses about the closure of following plants

  • Covestro force majeure on TDI, MDI

  • R-134a fluorinated gas plant in France

  • Ingevity to close tall oil refinery in Brazil

SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE

The article discuss about the accidentsthat occurred in the following plant

Blast at BASF Ludwigshafen plant

ANTI DUMPING PAGE

The antidumping measures introduced in the last few weeks on the following products are discussed

  • Polyformaldehyde

  • Caprolactam

  • Low ash metallurgical coke

NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Phosphate complex facility in Kazakhstan

  • Silicones facility in Japan

  • Benzoic acid facility in Netherlands

  • Spandex plant in Turkey

  • Ammonia project in Indonesia

  • Methionine complex in Singapore

  • Probiotics

  • Lithium carbonate supply agreement

  • Nylon-6 capacity in Spain

  • Trinseo S-SBR pilot plant

  • Fumed silica capacity expansion plant at Germany

CHINA NEWS

The recent developments in China are discussed in the following articles

  • Methanol project

  • Polycarbonate project

  • Hexamethylene diisocyanate

  • Nitro-compound fertilizer project

  • Cyclohexanone project

  • Hydrogenated Resin Project

  • Alxa chloro-benzene project

  • Graphene project

  • Floating LNG production facility

  • Nylon 6,6 facility

  • Fluoropolymer capacities

  • Carbon fiber project

  • ABS project in China in 2017

NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Powder coating resins facility

  • Thirumalai Chemicals plans capacity expansion

  • Tackling e-waste from smartphones

  • FSSAI norms for nutraceuticals, functional foods

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

Recent developments on the following products are discussed

  • DSM launches omega-3 process

  • Drumstick, sugar help kill E.coli in water

  • Production of olefins from syngas

  • Silk protein derived product

  • Thermoelectric paint

  • Biodegradable plastic

  • Bacteria toextract energy from sewage

  • Cocktail of enzymes from soil fungus to curb pollution

  • Novozymes foam-control enzyme

AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE

Recent developments in the agro fields are discussed in the following article

Timorex Gold – A fungicide

ENERGY PAGE

Recent developments in the energy fields are discussed in the following articles

  • Battery cars cut emissions better than hydrogen fuel cells

  • Power from nuclear waste

  • Waste-to-energy plant in North Delhi landfill

OTHER ARTICLES
  • SPOT PRICE OF POLYMERS IN CHINA – PERIOD NOVEMBER,2016

  • TENDERS

  • CHEMICALS IMPORTED AT THE CHENNAI PORT DURING THE MONTH OF SEPTEMBER 2016