Global Information Source for Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Allied Industries
  • +91-44-43511945

  • info@nandinichemical.com

Journals

Extracts from Nandini Chemical Journal, Nov 2014

POTASSIUM CARBONATE|ISOPRENE|POLYCAPROLACTONE
Highlights of Some of the Articles

TALK OF THE MONTH :CHEMICALS FROM GARBAGE RESEARCH & INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIA
POTASSIUM CARBONATE – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
ISOPRENE - GLOBAL SCENARIO
POLYCAPROLACTONE - PRODUCT PROFILE
CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CAN BE SOLUTION PROVIDER FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT
KOCHI GAS PIPELINE DELAY CAUSING HUGE LOSS IS THE GOVERNMENT CONCERNED?
CALLING FORMER UNION CARBIDE CHIEF MR. ANDERSON AS CRIMINAL IS CRUDE AND IRRATIONAL
ONGC’S PLANS FOR EXPLORATION
UNCERTAIN BENEFITS OF GAS PRICE INCREASE
HOW CAN INDIA EXPLOIT THE DECLINE IN OIL PRICES ?
COUNTERPRODUCTIVE PRESSURE ON NAPHTHA BASED FERTILISER UNITS IN SOUTH INDIA
LOAD SHEDDING CRIPPLES SMALL & MEDIUM SCALE CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES IN TAMIL NADU
OTHER FEATURES
OTHER ARTICLES

TALK OF THE MONTH

CHEMICALS FROM GARBAGE RESEARCH & INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIA

The per capita generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) in India is reported to be around 450 gms per day. The country is said to generate MSW of around 62 million metric tonne per annum. With the population growth continuing and with greater urbanization, it is said that Indian MSW generation would reach astronomical figures in the next ten years, increasing at around 5% per annum.

It is said that of the waste generated, only around 68% is collected and only 19% of the generated waste is subjected to some sort of treatment.  Obviously, the country is   “dumped” with huge quantity of waste, which leads to several ecological issues and unhealthy living conditions. The accumulated waste has now become such an eye sore that Prime Minister has called for Clean India Campaign and the government is giving utmost priority for this.

Obviously, the most desirable form of managing the MSW is to convert it into value added products and generate income and profits out of waste management.

At present, whatever waste that is treated by composting is used as organic manure and as soil enricher.  Efforts have been made to set up power plants from waste. A 16 MW set up at Okhla in New Delhi is facing environmental issues and court cases. A few plants are under installation. Government of India proposes to fund a few more projects. The Indian potential for power generation from MSW is assessed as less than 2000 MW only.

Under the circumstances, it is important to identify the potential for the production of value added chemicals from MSW and sewage water,  that would not only result in optimum waste management practices but also emerge as profitable propositions. Nothing much has been done in India so far to achieve this objective.

Plants are in operation abroad for the production of synthesis gas from MSW.  Such synthesis gas can lead to the production of several important derivative chemicals such as ammonia, methanol and others. Production of bio ethanol from MSW is also an attractive option.

Methanol from sewage

Plants are in successful operation abroad for the production of methanol from sewage, which is a highly significant option and opportunity for India. India presently imports more than one million metric tonne of methanol per annum and the import is likely to increase steadily in the absence of capacity creation for methanol. Considering the short supply of natural gas which is the feed stock for methanol production, there is no likelihood setting up of large methanol plants in the country in the immediate future.   

Methanol can be produced from coal gas but little work has been done so far in this regard in India, though China has made much headway.

Under the circumstances, the feasibility of setting up several methanol plants in different parts of India based on garbage as feedstock should be considered. Considering the fact that such plants are in operation abroad, acquisition of technology is unlikely to be a hurdle for the project. Even in  case  the cost of production of methanol in such plants were to be higher compared to the conventional methanol plants from natural gas, such project should be supported by government of India by providing subsidy support for investment and supportive taxation policies.

Such garbage based methanol plant should be viewed as a cost benefit  scheme, considering the fact that it would help in managing the MSW and sewage, promoting overall ecological benefits for the country, apart from the fact that it would  avoid import of methanol to the value  of around 480 million US  dollar per annum.

Approach to technology

Of late, Indian chemical industries have developed a habit of looking for overseas technology for any and every project and in the end paying up high technology fees and sometimes even acquiring inappropriate technology considering the prevailing conditions in the country.

It is not uncommon practice abroad for several interested individual industrial units to cooperate and take up R & D efforts in optimising the technology parameters and later on installing commercial plants. For example, recently in Japan, several Japanese companies have joined together to work on methane hydrate facility, forming a new company for the purpose known as Japan Methane Hydrate Operating Co. Ltd. (JMH)

Similar efforts can certainly be initiated in India for developing technologies for the production of various chemicals from garbage.

Numbers of national laboratories under CSIR have facilities and talent and several of such labs presently remain under utilized.

Possibly, such technology optimization project for production of chemicals from garbage can be entrusted to any one of the CSIR labs, with active technical, management and funding participation from individual companies who would sponsor such project.

Of course, government of India has to enthuse the project promoters in taking up such appropriate and innovative schemes for the larger good of the country. 

The Clean India Campaign launched by the Prime Minister is an excellent umbrella for such ventures to progress and flourish.

POTASSIUM CARBONATE – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

Alternate name                        Potash, pearl ash, salt of tartar

Appearance                             White hygroscopic, granular, powder or 
white free flowing granules

CAS No.                                  584-08-7

Stability                                   Chemically stable but decomposes when heated and                                                                         emits toxic fumes of K2O
Solubility

Potassium carbonate dissolves in water with the evolution of heat.   The solubility increases with increase in temperature.

Following details are given in this article

  • Specifications
  • Product applications
  • Indian Imports
  • Anti dumping duty – Period 2009
  • Indian Exports
  • Indian manufacturers
  • Growth rate in demand
  • Global Scenario
  • Major global producers
  • Project in China
  • Global demand
  • Pattern of sector wise demand
  • Process outline
  • Recommendation
  • Global Import of potassium carbonate
  • Global top importers
  • Global export of potassium carbonate
  • Global top exporters
ISOPRENE - GLOBAL SCENARIO

CAS number                                       78-79-5
Molecular formula                               C5H8
Alternate names                                  2 methyl-1,3 butadiene
Appearance                                         Volatile liquid
Colour                                                 Colourless 
Solubility

The product is insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol ether and hydrocarbon solvents

Following details are given in this article

  • Product specification
  • Product application
  • Manufacturing process
  • Technology efforts for bio based route
  • Indian scenario
  • Global scenario
  • Application areas
  • Important global isoprene producers
  • China’s major isoprene producers
  • Demand driver
  • Global demand
  • Global region wise demand
  • Application sector wise demand
POLYCAPROLACTONE - PRODUCT PROFILE

Caprolactone is a versatile organic chemical compound that is produced in the form of monomers and polymers.

A component of technical plastics, it offers performance enhancing properties, both separately and in combination with other materials.

Polycaprolactone has a low melting point of around 60 degree C .

Product characteristics

Product

Caprolactone

Polycaprolactone

CAS Number

502-44-3

24980-41-4

Chemical formula

C6H10O2

(C6H10O2) n

Appearance

Colourless liquid

White granules/pellet

Odour

Perceptible odour

Odourless

Alternate names

epsilon-caprolactone
6-hexanolactone
hexano-6-lactone
1-oxa-2-oxocycloheptane

2-Oxepanone homopolymer
6-Caprolactone polymer

Solubility

Soluble in water and is miscible with most organic solvents

Insoluble in water
Soluble in aromatic solvents and chlorinated hydrocarbons.

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Product application
  • Manufacturing process
  • Indian scenario
  • Global manufacturers
  • Global growth in demand
CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CAN BE SOLUTION PROVIDER FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT

The rapid pace of urbanization is creating multiple challenges ranging from pollution and waste to overuse of resources and energy.

Many people see the chemical industry as a major threat to in urban environment and resource management.

However, the fact is that the chemical industry is also the solution provider for these problems. The chemical sector can play an important role in solving urban problems in the future.

Great impetus  can be provided for the sustainable development of urbanization, if the stake holders can continuously optimize the whole value chain, increase the added value of products, improve the efficient use of industry resources and energy, as well as decrease pollution issues by connecting different parties together in the process of business operation, including supply chain, production chain, users and consumers.

The chemical industry can play an essential role in sustainable urbanization and undertake many important objectives. As  an industry relying heavily on resources and energy, the chemical industry should give consideration to the harmony between its own development and the environment.

KOCHI GAS PIPELINE DELAY CAUSING HUGE LOSS IS THE GOVERNMENT CONCERNED?

The Petronet Kochi’s liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal of capacity   5 million metric tonne per annum in Kerala was set up, with investment of around Rs.4000 crores and was commissioned after protracted delay.

While the LNG terminal is ready, unfortunately the pipeline installation for evacuation of the gas being executed by GAIL, has been heavily  delayed due to issues relating to acquisition of land, which could have been sorted out by interested state governments.

Tamil Nadu government which is a stake holder  appears to be  keeping silent.

At present, in the Kochi LNG terminal of installed capacity 5 million metric tonne, hardly 2% of the capacity is being utilized, which has resulted in about   Rs.400 crores outgo for the project, by way of depreciation and interest. In desperate attempt to save the project, the promoters have been trying to rent out storage facilities for LNG, which is unlikely to provide significant economic benefits  that would save the project.

Following details are discussed in this article

  • Bottleneck in Tamil Nadu
  • Negative attitude of GAIL
  • Kerala government’s initiative
  • Future of project ?
  • Let not Tamil Nadu lose the opportunity
  • Need for intervention by Prime Minister
CALLING FORMER UNION CARBIDE CHIEF MR. ANDERSON AS CRIMINAL IS CRUDE AND IRRATIONAL

Mr. Warren M. Anderson , former Chairman of Union Carbide Corporation was in charge when the toxic gas in the pesticide plant of Union Carbide at Bhopal in India leaked out in 1984. This accident resulted in death of hundreds of persons and  is considered as one of the worst  industrial accidents in the world. Mr. Anderson died unsung and unheard on September 29,2014 in USA at the age of 92.

Political parties, activists and Indian media liberally heaped abuse on Mr. Anderson and called him as absconder, criminal and murderer.

Now that Mr. Anderson has died at the ripe age after spending several years almost in isolation in USA, it is time to introspect  as to whether Mr. Anderson sinned or was sinned against. Perhaps, history will be more kind to him than the government of India and Indian media.

Mr. Anderson  visited the site of accident at Bhopal in India  from USA  within four days from the date of accident  and he was immediately arrested in India .

The above subject is further discussed in this article.

ONGC’S PLANS FOR EXPLORATION

Mumbai offshore

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) has ramped up output from its biggest fields in Mumbai offshore by 8% in the past seven months, the first growth in many years and plans to quickly develop discovered fields, including some in deep  -sea regions.

Output from Mumbai offshore has risen to 316,130 barrels per day from 292,707 in the middle of March.

ONGC is now concentrating on the development of new gas fields in the east and the west coasts to start over 28 million standard cubic meters per day output by 2017 to 2018.

ONGC’s plans for exploration in the following oil fields are discussed in this article

  • KG basin
  • Daman offshore
  • ONGC ‘s strategies to increase oil production
  • B193
  • Cluster 7
UNCERTAIN BENEFITS OF GAS PRICE INCREASE

The decision of Government of India to increase the price of natural gas is disappointing.

The decision of the Government of India to increase the price of natural gas to 5.6 USD per unit (an increase of roughly 33%) from the present price of 4.2 USD per unit appears to be a compromise decision to partly meet the demand of the  gas explorers and not to displease the consumers too much.

Further, the government  has not made any distinction between onshore gas and off shore gas, while the cost of production for both are different.

The above subject is further discussed in this article.

HOW CAN INDIA EXPLOIT THE DECLINE IN OIL PRICES?

Swaminathan Venkataraman
Director, Nandini Consultancy (S) Pte. Ltd., Singapore
swaminathan.v@nandinichemical.com

Brent, the world’s most active crude contract, closed at $83.78 a barrel on  Oct 16, 2014, which is more than a 20 percent drop from its average for the past three years.

As much as the decline, the speed of decline has also caught most oil analysts around the world by surprise.

Glut of oil

The world is experiencing a glut of oil, with combined supplies from the USA and Canada rising to the highest levels since 1965 with oil tapped from shale rock and oil sands. In addition OPEC, a supplier of 40% of global crude has signaled that it would not cut supplies to respond to the price decline and Saudi Arabia has hinted that it is  comfortable with a $80 per barrel price for next one to two years.

Following details are dicussed in this article

  • Declining demand for oil
  • Falling price
  • New set of winners and losers
  • How can India exploit the decline in oil prices?
COUNTERPRODUCTIVE PRESSURE ON NAPHTHA BASED FERTILISER UNITS IN SOUTH INDIA

APPEAL TO PRIME MINISTER
BY CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION

Mangalore Chemicals and Fertilizers (MCF), SPIC and MFL have stopped producing urea at their naphtha based plants in Mangalore, Tuticorin and Chennai respectively, as these are not eligible for subsidies after  October 1.

The Government of India had asked naphtha based units to switch over to natural gas as the feedstock before September 30.

The Government had stated that the units which continue with naphtha for production of ammonia and urea would not be eligible for subsidy after that.

Chemical Industries Association,  an apex body representing the cross section of chemical industries and based in Chennai, submitted the following appeal regarding the problems faced by the naphtha based fertilizer units in South India,  due to the insistence of the Government of India  that they should  switch over to natural gas as feedstock instead of naphtha.The text of the appeal is given below.

In a letter dated April 2,2014 ,  Government of India had stated that the production of naphtha based urea fertilizer units such as SPIC Tuticorin, Madras Fertiliser Ltd, Manali and Mangalore Chemicals and Fertilisers, Mangalore will continue under modified NPS-III (New Pricing Scheme) till the natural gas availability and connectivity  are provided to these units or till June 2014, whichever  is earlier, beyond which subsidy for these naphtha based plants will not be paid.
The above subject is further discussed in this article.

LOAD SHEDDING CRIPPLES SMALL & MEDIUM SCALE CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES IN TAMIL NADU

The uncertain power supply scenario in Tamil Nadu has caused serious problems for small and medium scale chemical industries in the state and is now  posing threats for their survival itself.  Quiet a few units in Tamil Nadu  have lost  the competitive edge in the Indian and global market due to the interrupted operations caused by frequent load shedding.

While the large scale chemical units have installed their own power plants to meet their requirement of power and thus reducing their dependence on state grid power to the minimum, such options are not possible for the medium and small scale chemical units due to the high investment required for setting up  power plants.

The above subject is further discussed in this article.

OTHER FEATURES

PLANT CLOSURE

The articles discuss about the closure of  the following plants

  • Arkema to end fluorogas production at Spanish site
  • Closure of  magnesium plant in  Israel
  • Showa Denko ceasing ethyl acetate operations in Indonesia
  • Versalis makes Italy cracker closure permanent

ANTI DUMPING PAGE

The antidumping measures introduced in  the last few weeks on the following products are discussed

  • Phenol
  • Phthalic anhydride
  • Saturated fatty alcohol

TWO MILLION BARRELS OF OIL ON OCEAN FLOOR

The April 20, 2010 Deepwater Horizon drilling rig blowout killed 11 people,  that was operated by BP's US subsidiaries, along with oil services company Halliburton and rig owner Transocean.

Around two million barrels of oil from the BP spill off the US Gulf Coast in 2010 are believed to have settled on the ocean floor, according to a study.

The above subject is further discussed in this article.

NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Precipitated silica
  • Renewable polyethylene
  • Cellulosic ethanol
  • Nitrogen fertiliser projects of CHS
  • Quantum dot manufacturing plant in South Korea
  • Plasticizers capacity expansion in USA
  • Polycarbonate diol plant in Thailand
  • POSM plant in Netherlands
  • Biobased acrylic acid
  • Biobased propane unit
  • CO2 into chemicals

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

The recent technology developments on the following products are discussed

  • Indigenous microscope uses peacock feather technology
  • Fuel from whisky waste

CHINA NEWS

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  •  Isobutylene project in Shandong
  • Polyisocyanates production line in Caojing, Shanghai

NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Bentonite sulphur
  • PolyOne opens masterbatch facility in India
  • Bayer expands TPU production capacity at Cuddalore, India
  • Pesticide makers question organic farming data

AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE

UTILISATION OF WEEDS FOR PRODUCTIVE PURPOSES

Floating beds are mostly made of water hyacinth, a very invasive weed that doubles in area within ten to fifteen days.

Floating cultivation helps reduce the pressure on arable lands by turning the flooded and waterlogged areas into productive ones .

Above subject is further discussed in this article.

PHARMA PAGE

CITRIC ACID BASED DISINFECTANT TO KILL CHIKUNGUNYA

A team of scientists has found that a citric acid based disinfectant can destroy the chikungunya virus. The chemically synthesised citric acid developed in Japan, has earlier proved effective in killing the human influenza virus.

The team from the department of virology at Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati; Nichi-In Centre for Regenerative Medicine, Chennai and scientists in Japan have tested the disinfectant in the form of granules on chikungunya virus. The team first collected more than 1,000 samples of chikungunya virus and developed and maintained in both human and mosquito cell line. The disinfectant was then tested on these viruses when it showed it can destroy the virus.

Above subject is further discussed in this article.

OTHER ARTICLES
  • Tenders
  • Ex factory prices  in China - During the month of September 2014
  • Chemicals imported at the Chennai port during the month of August 2014
Subscribe to Nandini Chemical Journal and Order Reprints

Nandini Chemical Journal, Annual subscription, 12 issues, sent as a pdf document by email. US $100.