Global Information Source for Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Allied Industries
  • +91-44-43511945

  • info@nandinichemical.com

Journals

Extracts from Nandini Chemical Journal, Jul 2012

Hydroxyethyl Cellulose|Biobutanol|Biobased technologies
Highlights of Some of the Articles

TALK OF THE MONTH : ARDUOUS TASK OF CHEMICAL MARKET RESEARCH
ETHYLENE PROPYLENE RUBBER - GLOBAL SCENARIO
SPOT LIGHT ON SPECIALITY CHEMICAL - HYDROXYETHYL CELLULOSE (HEC)
INVISTA’S ADIPONITRILE TECHNOLOGY
BIOBUTANOL - RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
COAL TO MEG TECHNOLOGY – RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
BAYER’S TECHNOLOGY FOR ELECTROACTIVE POLYMERS
VIABLE BIOBASED TECHNOLOGIES - RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
COMPOSTING OF ORGANIC WASTE IN CERTIFIED COMPOSTABLE BAGS INITIATIVES OF BASF
ALGAE BIO FUEL COULD BE INDIA’S SAVIOUR
HAVE THE OIL EXPLORATIONS EFFORTS IN INDIA NOW REDUCED?
IFFCO’S INITIATIVE TO SET UP UREA PROJECT IN CANADA - A PRAGMATIC MOVE
NATURAL GAS PIPELINES WITHOUT NATURAL GAS - PUTTING THE CART BEFORE THE HORSE
ONGC TO FARM OUT OPERATING INTERESTS IN CBM ASSETS
OTHER FEATURES
OTHER ARTICLES

TALK OF THE MONTH

ARDUOUS TASK OF CHEMICAL MARKET RESEARCH

As the chemical industry is increasingly becoming global in character and product obsolescence and substitution possibilities are taking place too frequently, chemical market research has now become a subject  requiring high level of expertise.

It is no more possible for any individual or agency to conduct chemical market research without in depth knowledge and understanding of the behaviour trend of the global and national / regional chemical market and without possessing a constantly updated inhouse data base on various aspects of the industry.  Under the circumstances, it is not a surprise that number of organisations capable of carrying out reliable chemical market research are steadily getting reduced.

In the earlier days, chemical market research was viewed as a subject for management consultants.  But, in the last few years , it has come to mean much more than the subject of market management and chemical technologists are now playing an increasingly important role in conducting chemical market research.  This scenario is now well recognised by several management consultancy organizations around the world, who considerably depend upon the support of  the experts in chemical technology to prepare full fledged market survey reports. 

Scarce data

With the chemical industries spreading rapidly in new directions and global competition  becoming intense, the chemical industrial units are now keen to keep their classified data  and inhouse information very confidential and they refrain from exchanging information to the extent possible with others.  In such scenario, the information have  now become hard to collect by the market research personnel. 

This is particularly so in the case of obtaining information from large and multi national organizations, who appear to have even put a sort of gag on their  executives from discussing too freely about the issues with outsiders.

The data available in the public domain are also found to be often inadequate or half baked and they are flooded with wild guesstimates form various persons associated with the industry. The articles carried in journals and  the speeches delivered in conferences on chemical related subjects  are often found to conceal more than what they reveal.

Market research or espionage activity!

It is now even said that  chemical market research functions sometimes really get reduced to an espionage activity,  where data are sourced from insiders in the targeted companies by adopting various techniques and strategies which could be even termed dubious in some caseis.

Under the circumstances,the market research consultants are sometimes even looked upon with suspicions and misgivings.

Disputed findings

While the strong and updated inhouse data base and extensive knowledge gained about the developments in the chemical industries do help the market research personnel substantially, the findings of the expert market research personnel  are sometimes disputed by the clients.  This is so, inspite of the fact that often the knowledge and expertise level of the market research consultants could be much better than the client due to their exposure to wide variety of issues facing chemical industries in different circumstances.

Since the market research findings are often subjective and there is scope for genuine difference of opinion  and sometimes two different market research agencies may come out with different recommendations, many clients often disagree with the findings and pick up issues wit the consultants. 

This is particularly due to the “chaotic” and misleading data available in public domain, in a situation where any one can place any data without accountability and which confuses the clarity who order for market survey report.

Challenges of global market research

These days, many organizations  look for global market study reports but some of them refuse to acknowledge the time, efforts, expertise  and expenses involved in conducting such global studies. 

Global studies are becoming extremely complex and expensive and   particularly so in the case of specialty chemicals where published  data are scarce and information from industry players are not forthcoming. 

Fees for market research

Given the cost of maintaining the updated and globally relevant data base and  retaining the qualified and experienced experts in the fold, the service charges levied by the market research agencies are now inevitably increasing. 

The primary survey which involves travel and meeting the industry personnel have also become an expensive affair.

Many organisations do not seem to appreciate such issues faced by the market research organizations and often bitterly negotiate  on the fees and terms of payment and sometimes even delay the payment beyond reasonable level, when there would be differences with regard to the findings of the study.

Frustration for market research agencies

Given the high cost of operations and the intricacies of the job, the market research organisations some times feel exasperated and frustrated, when the clients treat them without due consideration that their efforts deserve.

In such circumstances,many established market research organizations often hesitate to take up assignments , if they would suspect that the clients  may not have the adequate expertise and understanding  of the issues  that are necessary to fully appreciate the contents of the market survey report.

ETHYLENE PROPYLENE RUBBER - GLOBAL SCENARIO
Synonyms EPM;Rubber, Ethylene-propylene rubber; Ethylene-propylene terpolymer
Molecular Formula C15H30X2
CAS Number 61789-00-2

Properties 

Polymer Properties

 

Property Type

 

EPM Property

Mooney viscosity at 125 deg.C

5-200

Ethylene content percentage by weight

45-80

Diene content percentage by weight

0-15

Specific gravity

0.855-0.880

Vulcanizate Properties

 Property Type

 EPM Property

Hardness (Shore A durometer)

30-95

Tensile strength, MPa

7-21

Elongation percentage

100-600

Compression set B percentage

20-60

Useful temperature range deg.C

-50 to +160

Tear resistance

Fair to good

Abrasion resistance

Fair to good

Resilience

Fair to good

Electrical properties

Insulator

This article discusses the following details:

  • Application pattern
  • Use pattern in automobile industry
  • Electric wires and cables
  • Tire
  • Building materials
  • Process
  • Demand
  • Consumption pattern
  • Major EPR producers in the world  and their capacity
  • Scenario in China
  • Supply and consumption of EPR in China during 2001-2011
  • Consumption  pattern of EPR in China in 2011
  • China’s newly built EPR units by 2015
SPOT LIGHT ON SPECIALITY CHEMICAL - HYDROXYETHYL CELLULOSE (HEC)

Hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) is a non-ionic, water-soluble polymer derived from cellulose through a series of chemical and physical processes.

Molecular formula [C6H7O2(OH)3-x〖OCH(OH)CH3〗x]n
CAS No. 9004-62-0
Appearance           White to light yellowish, odourless and tastless powder
Other name Cellulose, 2-hydroxyethyl ether

Solubility

Readily soluble in hot or cold water to form a viscous gel solution. When pH in solution is within 2 to 12, the solution is quite stable.

Reactivity

Since HEC group is nonionic in water solution, it will not be react with other anions or cations and is insensitive to the salts. But HEC molecule is capable of generating esterification, etherification and acetal reaction, so it is possible to make it insoluble in water or improve its properties.

HEC also has good film-forming ability and surface activity.

This article discusses the following details

  • Specification
  • Viscosity specification of HEC Solution
  • Application
  • Process
  • Global producers and their installed capacity
  • Profile of major producers
  • Indian Import
  • Prognosis
APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS FOR DICYCLOPENTADIENE IN CHINA

Dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) is an important fraction separated from crude C5 fraction.
C5 cut from the ethylene cracking is mostly used as fuel and only a small amount is used to produce dicyclopentadiene.
Globally, dicyclopentadiene is mainly used to produce transparent hydrocarbon resins with high saturation degree. The production of unsaturated polyester comes next .

With over 16 DCPD manufacturers, China produced 90 000  tonnes of DCPD in 2010, when its DCPD capacity reached 185 000  tonnes a year. In China, some DCPD players purchase crude DCPD from C5 fraction to refine, while others separate crude DCPD from C0 mixtures and refine it.

Even though demand for DCPD has grown in China,, DCPD processors face challenges, due to environmental issues, DCPD's darker color (unsuitable for shallow color resins) is an issue.

Significant application development efforts for dicyclopentadiene have been made in China.

Dicyclopentadiene or DCPD is the dimer of cyclopentadiene (CPD)

CAS number 77-73-6 
Molecular formula C10H12

DCPD is a colourless, waxy, flammable solid or liquid, with a camphor-like odour.

Available Grades

  • DCPD resin grade
  • DCPD, upr grade
  • DCPD high purity

This article discusses the following details

  • Properties
  • Process
  • Applications
  • Replacement for phthalic anhydride
  • Petroleum resin based on DCPD
  • ENB
  • 2-Chloro-5-chloro methylpyridine  (CCMP)
  • Adamantanes
  • MMT
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Ferrocenes
  • Major producers of dicyclopentadiene
  • Indian Import
INVISTA’S ADIPONITRILE TECHNOLOGY

INVISTA is a world leader in nylon intermediates and polymers, with more than 70 years of experience in nylon 6,6 and a leading presence throughout the nylon 6,6 value chain.

INVISTA’s proprietary, butadiene-based adiponitrile (ADN) production technologies are well recognized as one of the most effective and cost-efficient methods of ADN production. As a result, more than 75 percent of the world’s existing ADN capacity employs INVISTA’s proprietary technologies.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

BIOBUTANOL  - RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

While recent biofuels headlines have been dominated by cellulosic ethanol, a biofuels producer backed by DuPont and BP has been quietly advancing its biobutanol technology and setting the stage for a 2014 commercial launch.

Butamax Advanced Biofuels (Wilmington, DE) says that biobutanol can be deployed cheaply via an ethanol plant retrofit package and has a higher-value, more compatible blendstock for gasoline than ethanol.

This article discusses the following details:

  • Commercial scale bio butanol unit
  • Future plans
  • Dispute
COAL TO MEG TECHNOLOGY – RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

In 2011, China had 22 coal to MEG (mono ethylene glycol) projects that were being constructed or planned for construction with a total capacity of 5.25 million  metric tonnes per annum, of which there were ten large-scale units being constructed with a combined capacity of 1.60 million  metric tonnes per annum.

This article discusses the above following details.

  • Issues facing coal to MEG technology
  • Advantages
  • Progress of Coal to MEG Projects in China
  • Product Cost of MEG from Different Raw Material Routes in China
BAYER’S TECHNOLOGY FOR ELECTROACTIVE POLYMERS

Bayer has developed electroactive polymers (EAP)—a family of polymers based on silicone and other materials that move in response to an electric current, and which can be used to generate electricity.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

VIABLE BIOBASED TECHNOLOGIES - RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

This article discusses the following developments in detailed manner

  • Efforts of Myriant
  • Efforts of Nieuwenhuizen
  • Efforts of  Reverdia
  • Efforts of DSM
  • Efforts of Rennovia
  • Efforts of BioAmber
  • Biobased succinic acid projects
COMPOSTING OF ORGANIC WASTE IN CERTIFIED COMPOSTABLE BAGS INITIATIVES OF BASF

Ecoplast Technologies Inc (‘Ecoplast’), its wholly owned subsidiary in Wuhan, Huali Environmental Technology (‘Huali’) in China and BASF jointly announced that they have formed a partnership with the Wanke Community in Wuhan to promote composting of source-separated organic waste in certified compostable and fully biodegradable bags.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

ALGAE BIO FUEL COULD BE INDIA’S SAVIOUR

India is now going through an unprecedented energy crisis and no one seem to be  certain as to how the country would come out of the situation.

The present import of crude oil in India is around 180 million tonnes per annum. With the production of crude oil remaining nearly stagnant, it is expected that the import of crude oil has to exceed 240 million tonnes per annum in the next 5 years, if the GDP growth of around 6 to 7 percent were to be sustained.

This article discusses the following details :

  • Algae bio fuel
  • Global efforts
  • Issues
  • Biofuel from algae – Advantages for India
  • Indian Efforts
  • Need for highly focused and time bound efforts
HAVE THE OIL EXPLORATIONS EFFORTS IN INDIA NOW REDUCED?

In the news story “Oil Co’s  spends on exploration down to trickle” and the editorial column in Financial Express “We don’t need more Oil”, there was critical reference to the slowing down of oil exploration efforts in India.

It was timely articles bringing to the notice of Government of India about the concern of the country on the progress of oil exploration efforts and inadequacy of such efforts.

Government of India reacted to the above editorial and provided an explanation which is given in this article.

As per Production Sharing Contract (PSC), contractor takes about 7 years for exploration.  The development of offshore discoveries in shallow water takes about 4 to 5 years, while in deepwater, the average time taken for development of discoveries may be 9 to 10 years.  The contractor is required to adhere to the timelines specified in Production Sharing Contract (PSC) and hence there exists a certain time gap, especially in case of development of offshore and deepwater discoveries from discovery to development. 

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

IFFCO’S INITIATIVE TO SET UP UREA PROJECT IN CANADA - A PRAGMATIC MOVE

Indian companies have to necessarily look at joint ventures with overseas companies for getting an assured supply of soil nutrients at an economical cost.  There is a need to secure supply of fertilizers as India is largely dependent on imports.

The scarcity of raw materials such as rock phosphate, phosphoric acid and natural gas has prompted fertiliser companies to scout for overseas joint ventures. A number of  fertiliser companies including Iffco, Kribhco, Coromandel and Zuari are keen to have overseas joint ventures for firming up their supplies.

India need more such JVs keeping in mind the growing need of nutrients.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

NATURAL GAS PIPELINES WITHOUT NATURAL GAS - PUTTING THE CART BEFORE THE HORSE

Reliance Gas Transportation Infrastructure Ltd (RGTIL) has asked the Government of India to give clear indications on gas availability for it to lay cross  country pipelines.

The company has written to the Government seeking clarifications on when the proposed LNG terminals in the East Coast to import gas will be ready.

RGTIL, at present, operates the East-West Pipeline that transport gas from Reliance Industries-operated D6 gas fields at the East Coast (Kakinada) to West (Bharuch) of the country.

Recently, the Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) had asked the Government to cancel the licence granted to RGTIL for going slow on laying four cross-country pipelines. The pipeline networks were to run from the East Coast to South and also connect the East Coast with Haldia. Authorisation for Haldia-Jagdishpur pipeline to be laid by GAIL (India) Ltd may also get affected.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

ONGC TO FARM OUT OPERATING INTERESTS IN CBM ASSETS

More than six months since it has received expression of interests (EoI) from private operators, ONGC now proposes to farm out operating interests in four coal-bed methane assets.

Of the four blocks, Jharia and Ranigunj (North) were awarded to ONGC on nomination basis in 2003. Bokaro and North Karanpura were awarded during CBM Policy-I in 2002.

This article discusses the above subject in detailed manner.

OTHER FEATURES

PLANT CLOSURE

The article discusses the plans for closure of selected units by the following players

  • H.B. Fuller to close several plants in Europe
  • Merck KGaA to Close Geneva Site

ANTI DUMPING PAGE

The antidumping measures introduced in  the various countries in the last few weeks on the following products are discussed:

  • Phthalic anhydride
  • m-dihydroxybenzene (resorcinol)
  • Optical brightening agents
  • Oxalic acid
  • Catechol

SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE

Following safety and accident details are discussed:

  • Resorcinol plant fire kills one in Japan
  • Oxygen plant in Visakhapatnam blast leaves 18 dead
  • Fire at Akzo Nobel Mohali unit at Punjab
  • 14 injured in reactor blast at Nagarjuna Agrichem unit
  • Minor gas leak at Visakhapatnam Steel Plant

NEWS ROUND UP - INTERNATIONAL

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed:

  • Phosphate project plans of PhosAgro in Russia
  • Activated carbon  
  • Non-phthalate plasticizer
  • Patent suit polyimide film
  • Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)
  • Propane export prospects
  • Rare earth metals
  • Cellulosic ethanol
  • Enzyme plant of Novozymes
  • Polyvinyl alcohol film project of Kuraray
  • NatureWorks’ Ingeo Biopolymer project
  • Shale gas in Australia
  • BASF acquires Novolyte technologies
  • Fertiliser project of Yara
  • Menthol capacity expansion in Germany

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

The recent developments on the following technology efforts are highlighted

  • Urea technology
  • ADM and Kost Introduce Bio-heat transfer fluids
  • Sorghum into cellulosic sugars
  • Ester acetate to ethanol
  • Recycle of rare earths
  • Demo facility for making ethanol from waste materials.

CHINA NEWS

The recent developments on the following products/events are updated :

  • Acquisition of catalyst plant by W R Grace
  • EPDM plant
  • Chlorinated polyethylene
  • DL-methionine
  • Polyvinyl alcohol
  • Methanol to olefin project
  • Acrylonitrile/ 1,3-butadiene.
  • Coal based gas plant
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Nitrile butadiene rubber
  • Dimethyl Carbonate
  • Bio-based Epichlorohydrin plant in China

AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE

The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed

  • Kerala plans to insert chips in sandalwood trees
  • Biologics and planting technology of Monsanto
  • Syngenta develops new technology to grow cane
  • Tomato’s shelf-life
  • France slaps ban on Swiss pesticide

PHARMA PAGE

The recent development on FDA strengthens safety of imported drug products is highlighted.

PRICE DETAILS

Global price trends on titanium dioxide is provided.

ENERGY PAGE

The recent developments on Indian coal reserves are highlighted

OTHER ARTICLES
  • Price trends in China (june 2012)
  • Tender
  • Chemicals imported at the Chennai port during the month of April 2012
Subscribe to Nandini Chemical Journal and Order Reprints

Nandini Chemical Journal, Annual subscription, 12 issues, sent as a pdf document by email. US $100.