Extracts from Nandini Chemical Journal, Mar 2005
Marigold|Agrochemical sector|Dhaincha|Glycol Ethers|Dimethyl Formamide
TALK OF THE MONTH
MARIGOLD: INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY IN AGRO CHEMICAL SECTOR
HERBAL PAGE: DHAINCHA - SOURCE OF PAPER PRODUCTS, A MANURE AND MEDICINAL HERB
GLYCOL ETHERS - PROFILE
DIMETHYL FORMAMIDE-INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
NEED FOR MBAs IN HERBAL SECTOR
While the potentials of the Indian Herbal Industry have been well appreciated and the Government and the private sector have been taking considerable efforts to forge ahead in the herbal sector, still the growth profile of the Indian Herbal Industry has not been to the level of its potential. This obviously implies that the style of the management in Indian Herbal Industry needs appropriate structural changes.
The management structure of the Indian Herbal Industry have to be necessarily different from other sectors in agriculture such as cereals and spices. The difference is that while spices and cereals are directly consumed, the herbs have to be subjected to extraction and formulation processes in industrial operations to extract the active ingredients before being sold for use.
Further, herbs are largely used for medicinal applications at specified quality level or in cosmetical sector or as food supplement, all of which require considerable testing and certification before being approved for use. On the other hand, the spices and cereals are consumed as straight food products, mostly without any particular tests being conducted. Moreover, whereas products like cereals and spices do not face competition from synthetic sources, the herbal products have to penetrate the market, substituting and displacing the well entrenched synthetic materials.
In such scenario, the present practice of simply copying of the pattern of management adopted in other agricultural sectors to the Herbal Sector, without recognising the distinctive nature and complexities of the herbal sector, have proved to be counter productive.
The Herbal Industry is clearly marked by different players involved in various activities such as agriculturists, chemical engineers in designing and operating extraction plants, formulators and medical practitioners, certifying agencies, testing laboratories, marketing functions in the Indian and the global spheres etc. While everyone of these agencies have different and exclusive functions, the fact is that everyone of the function has a bearing of other functions requiring overall understanding of the requirements of every section by every player in the industry.
But, at present such understanding and coordination between various functions in the herbal industry is conspicuous by its absence.
While, technically, agricultural operations is the first activity in the herbal sector, from the point of view of the business management, the market creation is the first step.
In the case of the herbal products, concerted efforts have to be put forth to create and develop the market for the products since it involves substitution of the herbal products at the place hitherto occupied by the synthetic materials. It can be seen clearly that market penetration is the vital element in the successful management of the herbal sector. Most of the discussions in public forums and conferences on the high demand scenario for the herbal products are only about the potential market and not the actual market, which is yet to be built in a big way.
With the driving force necessarily have to come from the marketing functions, the traditional practice of management of the agricultural industry cannot be applied to the herbal sector.
Today, it appears that every player in the Indian Herbal Industry is operating in isolation without being aware of the problems and scenario relating to the other players. This has led to inadequate management methods by individual players and inability to optimise the operating parameters.
The agriculturists involved in herbal industry today seldom understand the intricacies of processing the herbs or the certification issues or the type of marketing practices required in India and abroad.
This situation have left the agriculturists often confused and they think that they frequently face dead end after the successful cultivation of the herbs. As agriculturists represent the nerve centre of the herbal industry, they need management support to give them confidence and to forge ahead.
Today, we find a situation that there are not many agriculturists totally dedicated to herbal plantations. Many of them switch over from herbs to conventional crops and vice versa depending on the speculation about the market and profitability. Many have lost money in investing in the herbal plantations due to poor understanding of the dynamics of herbal industry.
Assessing the demand for the herbal products in the market has become an extremely difficult exercise and it requires the application of well thought out management strategies and methods, involving the several possibilities, including government policies, public perceptions, efficacy claims on scientific basis and building excellent organisational and comman structures.
The successful tackling of certification issues have a vital role to play in getting large scale consumer acceptance and the acceptance of professional medical practitioners and environmentalists. Such acceptance would alone secure an assured market segment for the herbal products in the existing highly competitive conditions.
Given this scenario and the fact that the coordination between the various functions in the herbal industry is very important, there is need to build up specially trained cadre of management professionals for taking over the leadership role in the herbal industry.
To meet such requirements, it is necessary to create MBA programmes that would exclusively meet the requirement of the herbal sector, with the herbal MBAs combining within themselves the knowledge about agricultural practices, technology issues, certification procedures, ecological aspects, marketing methodologies and the international regulations.
The Indian Herbal Industry today is at the cross roads. It urgently needs quality management inputs which can be provided by the specially trained herbal MBAs.
The herbal MBAs will have a total view of the scenario and can understand the complexities of the every sector in the herbal industry so as to form an integrated and forward looking policy and management strategies.
Botanically called tagetes, Marigold is the natives of Mexico , Peru and Chile .
Marigold, has gained considerable popularity due to its wider adaptability to different agroclimatic conditions and its varied uses.
Among different types African Marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) is popular with landscape designers due to its varied height and colours for use in shrubberies and as herbacious border in gardens; similarly French marigold (Tagetes patula) is ideal for rockery edging hanging baskets and window boxes.
The carotenoids, a natural pigment from marigold flowers are used as food additives and in poultry feed for improving egg yolk pigmentation and its production.
This article also discusses the following aspects:
- Food colourant
- Opthalmological use
- Cultivation practicies
- Harvesting and yield
- Seeding Production
- Seed demand
- World demand and supply trends
- Demand trends in future
- Indian demand
- Indian producers of Marigold
- Indian research efforts
- Sample of Individual import/export details
Botanical name: Sesbania bispinosa
Grown also for firewood, the plant is used for erosion control, hedges, intercropping "mother plants," nitrogen fixation, and windbreaks.
In Vietnam , it is planted in the rice fields and harvested for firewood before the rice crop is harvested. It is said to have the trait of supressing weeds like Imperata cylindrica in moist situations.
This article further contains the following details
- Soil condition
Glycol ethers are organic solvents. They are often found under the trade names Cellosolve and Carbitol. Glycol ethers are volatile organic compounds (VOCs) regulated in areas.
The terms E-series and P-series are often used to refer to ethylene glycol ethers and propylene glycol ethers respectively.
E-series members generally are more toxic.
This article further discusses the following aspects:
- Various forms of glycol ethers
- Applications of Glycol ethers
- Environmental Issues
- Major Global producers
- Important Trade names for glycol ether solvents
- Demand trends
- Major Indian producers of Glycol ether
- Import/Export details
This article discusses the following aspects:
- Product characteristics
- Product Applications
- Import/Export Trends
- Manufacturing process
- Indian Producers
- Global Scenario
TAPIOCA INDUSTRY: MISSED OPPORTUNITIES
The Tamil Nadu Government's plea to Government of India, requesting for hike in import duty on` starch is a welcome development.
While Tapioca industry in Tamil Nadu suffers due to such imports, however, it has to be kept in view that such hike in import duty by itself would not bring out improved performance from the Tapioca industry in the state.
Tapioca industry in Tamil Nadu faces basic problems due to excessive dependence on sago production and inadequate attention to the exploitation of tapioca for the production of several .value added derivative products.
PERVAPORATION PROCESS FOR ALOCHOL RECOVERY FROM MOLASSES
In India, proper utilisation of molasses is not achieved due to the use of conventional methods for ethanol recovery
In ethanol fermentation, inhibition of the microorganisms by ethanol limits the amount of substrate in the feed that can be converted. This inhibition reduces the productivity of the fermentor and also increases the energy cost per tonne of industrial ethanol produced.
To avoid the product inhibition in-situ ethanol removal is necessary.
Alcohol removal during fermentation leads to an increase in substrate consumption, and consequently the process streams, including the amount of wastewater, are reduced. Furthermore, in situ product recovery leads to an increase in the productivity of the fermentor and the recovery is more energy efficient than conventional distillation for recovery of alcohol. These improvements should result in an overall reduction in processing costs compared with traditional fermentation processes.
In the recent years pervaporation has emerged as an energy efficient and highly selective separation process for the separation of volatile products. Also the productivity and conversion rate can be significantly increased when fermentation is coupled with pervaporation
STATUS OF ORGANIC FOOD PRODUCTION
Though the organic food production continues to rise across the world, sales are mainly confined to North America and the European Union, which account for 97 percent of the total revenues, while the rest of the world accounts for a mere three percent of it.
Worldwide sales were estimated to have expanded by 7 to 9% to reach $25 billion 2003. Production and demand for organic products is also increasing significantly in Australasia and Latin America. Western Europe overtook North America to turn the largest market for organic food and drink in 2003, according to a study on `Global market for organic food and drink'.
ENVIRONMENTAL DATABASE ON CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
EPA has taken a database on chemical properties off its Web site in response to a letter by the US Chamber of Commerce (Washington) that says much of the agency's online information that costs companies tens of millions of dollars in unnecessary cleanups costs.
ENERGY MANAGEMENT BY COMPUTER PROGRAMME
An energy management programme has been implemented at one of the largest glass manufacturers in Central Europe and is realising annual savings of £72,000 from its use of gas and cooling water.
The key to these savings is the introduction of a monitoring and targeting computer programme that regularly records utility usage, production and other influencing factors. It converts the measured data into usable information so the operator can calculate targets and analyse performance.
The data also provide a benchmark for calculating future savings in an ongoing cycle. As performance improves the utility targets are reset so that they continually reflect the current best practice.
BIOTECH INDUSTRY IN INDIA - REPORT
Indian biotech industry,is growing at a phenomenal rate in the post patent regime.
In 2004-05 it was a near $2 billion business and is projected to touch $4 billion by 2006-07.
The growth engines are contract research, clinical trials,data informatics and vaccines.
An Ernst & Young study has named India as one of the five emerging biotech leaders in Asia Pacific besides Singapore, Taiwan, Japan and Korea with mainland China hot on the trail.
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