Extracts from Nandini Chemical Journal, Dec 2003
Gelatine|Potassium metasulphite|Coir industry|Lng terminal
TALK OF THE MONTH
POTASSIUM METABISULPHITE – PRODUCT PROFILE
HERBAL INDUSTRY PAGE
It is very unfortunate the proposed LNG terminal at Kochi in Kerala has been facing several hurdles, which have indefinitely delayed the project.
Amongst many LNG project proposals in India , only two LNG terminal projects made some progress. One is at Dahej in Gujarat and other one at Kochi in Kerala.
While Dahej Project of Petronet in Gujarat would be commissioned shortly, LNG terminal at Kochi is facing high level of uncertainty.
LNG terminal at Kochi is absolutely necessary to sustain industrial growth in southern states particularly Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
In the past, it has been repeatedly said that Northern and Western India have greater advantage in industrialisation due to availability of Natural Gas from Bombay High which could not be made available to Southern states.
At one stage, a proposal to set up Southern Gas Grid was actively considered, to transport Natural Gas from Bombay High to Southern States.
It was expected that Kochi LNG terminal would help the Southern states considerably.
While the Natural Gas is available in southern states in Cauveri Basin in Pondicherry and Krishna - Godavari Basin in Andhra Pradesh, there have been inordinate delay in developing these wells and ensuring their contribution to promotion of industrialisation in the region.
It has to be carefully examined as to why the LNG terminal at Kochi has not taken off? Can it be due to lack of political will or due to poor ground work by the concerned states?
If the present stalemate in securing an assured market for the LNG from the proposed terminal to be set up by Petronet LNG Ltd Kochi is any indication, a firm decision to make this proposal a reality is likely to be delayed further.
According to Gas Authority of India Ltd (GAIL), there is a potential demand of 4.92 Million Standard Cubic Meter daily (Mscmd) of LNG from existing plants, such as BSES, FACT, NTPC and DC power in Kerala. Further, the demand from NTPC, when its present thermal plant at Kayamkulam is expanded by 1,950 MW, would be an additional 7 Mscmd.
According to Petronet LNG, gas could be supplied to Kayamkulam and other IPPs in Kerala and Karnataka on commercial terms. Besides, FACT and Kochi Refineries could use LNG; Naphtha in FACT could be replaced with use of LNG by which the cost of urea production could be reduced in FACT.
Apart from these, other industries can be identified to meet the full supply from Kochi LNG terminal.
The terminal at Kochi could cater to the demand of gas consumers in Kerala and Karnataka. Most of the pre-project activities involving an investment of about Rs.30 crore are completed. Further activities are on hold pending finalisation of consumers.
While NTPC is talking about the expansion of its thermal plant, it appears to be non-committal on sourcing LNG from the Kochi terminal.
Obviously, more dedicated and committed efforts are called for, instead of trading Kochi LNG as if it is an unwanted body.
DETAILS ON DAHEJ PROJECT OF PETRONET LNG LTD.
The majority equity is held by IOC, GAIL India, BPCL and ONGC. Other stakeholders include fuel supplier Rasgas of Qatar and FIs.
Location: Dahej, Gujarat .
Advantages of the location site: Proximity to the 2700 km long Hazira-Bijaipur Jagdishpur (HBJ) pipeline, which rungs from the west coast to the main North India hinterland, including Delhi .
Proximity to the identified LNG supply source from Ras Laffan in Doha Qatar and access to large gas consuming industries, both in Gujarat and along the HBJ gas pipeline.
Shoreline based, with a natural sea water depth offshore of more than twelve metres, meaning that no dredging or navigation channel is required to enable berthing of large LNG ships.
Equipment suppliers and contractors: PLL selected IHI of Japan as the EPC Contractor. PLL has appointed Foster Wheeler Energy Ltd. of United Kingdom as Project Management Consultant (PMC) for regular review, monitoring and execution of the project.
Status of construction: Construction of Dahej terminal is proceeding as per schedule and 98% work has been completed. Entire equipment has been erected at site.
The tanks are getting ready to receive the first shipment of LNG.
Appearance White to slightly yellowish, fine crystalline powder with an odour of sulphur dioxide
Chemical name Potassium metabisulphite, Potassium pyrosulphite/ potassium pyrosulphite
Potassium Metabisulphite photo grade
Potassium Metabisulphite food grade
Formula K 2 S 2 O 5
Photographic industry: Reducing component in formulations and for acidify fixation baths.
Foodstuffs industry: As a preservative (this application is restricted).
For the treatment of wine after fermentation has ended.
For the removal of moulds from freshly selected grapes before pressing.
Annual Indian imports & exports
IMPORTS IN KG
EXPORTS IN KG
Sample of imports
NAME OF THE IMPORTER
Southern fotochem Pvt.
Dungra Chemicals Pvt. Ltd
Plot No.36, Phase-1, GIDC, Vapi-396 195
113 (124), Nainiappa Naicken Street ,
This article discusses the following aspects :
- Specifications of different grades
- Process Technology and Developments
- Industrial Production of Gelatine in India
- Indian Import/Export Trends
- Indian Demand Level
- Indian Manufacturers and New Projects
- World Gelatine Demand supply scenario
- Global Use Pattern
The Tamil Nadu Government and the Coir Board have announced a Rs.44.35 crore plan on November 18th to make more coir products, to generate more jobs and boost exports, in the process using up the abundant coir available locally.
The programme would help to use the 1.44-lakh tonnes of coconut husk available locally, of which only half is being used. The rest is sold to other States during shortage caused by drought and pest infestation. Otherwise, it is not viable to transport husk over long distance.
The Coir Board and the Government hope to increase investments in the coir-based industry. The Tamil Nadu Government will support the project under its New Anna Marumalarchi Tittam, a rejuvenation scheme that seeks to bring in Rs.1-crore investment in the agro based industries in each of its 385 administrative blocks.
Tamil Nadu's exports, mostly coir pith, is just 5 percent of the country's Rs.350-crore coir products export.
The Coir Board is considering giving a 25 percent subsidy to coir mesh buyers to encourage the product.
Part Used: The herb, yielding a volatile oil by distillation.
The patchouli plant is a fragrant herb, native to tropical Asia and is cultivated in India , Indonesia , Malaysia , the Philippines and Singapore .
Patchouli's growing demand can be understood as it cannot be replaced inorganically because of its complex molecular structure. Hence the only alternative is for extensive cultivation to plug the demand.
This article also discusses the following aspects :
- Cultivation Practices
- Other species and Adultgerations
- Indian demand
- Global Scenario
- Indian Players
- Import/Export Trends
In this article following aspects are discussed :
- Spices Board in pact for vanilla cuttings
- Insurance for Vanilla
Other Herbal Stories:
IT FOR SOURCING BEST HERBAL
AYURVEDA UNDER DRUG LAW
SAFED MUSLI APHRODISIAC - A PROFILE
PHOSGENE PLANS OF ISOCHEM
Isochem, the fine chemicals arm of SNPE (Paris), has applied to French authorities to install a phosgene generator to make pharmaceutical intermediates at its Vert-le-Petit , France complex.
The company has been buying phosgene since late 2001, when it was required by authorities to close its phosgene unit at Toulouse , France following an explosion at the adjacent fertiliser plant of Grande Paroisse (GP).
The company makes agchems intermediates from phosgene at Pont-de-Claix using phosgene supplied by Rhodia and pharma intermediates at Vert-le-Petit using phosgene supplied by producers in the Czech Republic .
The generator will produce about 1000 tonnes per year of phosgene for pharma applications.
Isochem currently uses about 40,000 tonnes per year of phosgene. It has capacity for 10,000 tonnes per year at Kazincbarcika , Hungary ; 8000 tonnes per year at Lockport , NY; and 12000 tonnes per year at a joint venture with Huai at Shanghai . The company will continue to make merchant purchases in France .
Plans include doubling its e250 million per year ($290 million) sales within the next four years and making it among the top 10 fine chemical producers.
FUEL OPTIONS FOR ENERGY IN INDIA
The Overall energy consumption in India in 2002 was of the order of 325.2 million tonnes of oil equivalent, which works out to per capita annual consumption of 310 kg. oil equivalent. The Article discusses about various fuel options.
SPOTLIGHT ON SPECIALITY CHEMICAL: L-CARNITINE
This article discusses the application aspects and process technology as well as global scenario for L-Carnitine.
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- Chemicals Imported at Chennai Port During the Month of July 2003
- Chemicals Exported at Chennai Port During the Month of July 2003
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