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Extracts from Nandini Chemical Journal, Feb 2014


Highlights of Some of the Articles
INDIAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY SHOULD NOW RE INVENT ITSELF In the last few years, Indian chemical industry has been facing crisis of confidence. Capacity build up in the manufacturing sector has significantly fallen down. Consequently, the import level of several chemicals including bulk chemicals have gone up to an alarming level. Due to the lack of capacity creation efforts in adequate measure, the growth profile of Indian chemical industry is now viewed with certain level of scepticism. Increasing petrochemical imports (Period: April to March) Imported quantity in metric tonnes Name of the chemical 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 AAGR % Monoethylene glycol 424427 682128 771189 634589 654830 24.2 Toluene 145719 198906 187442 245391 307144 20.5 PTA 181488 474488 744370 594914 647958 37.5 Polycarbonate 41638 54315 105264 116029 122742 31 Carbon black 58729 71876 73145 122632 139863 24.2 LAB 76115 91248 74444 106813 125293 13.3 Acrylic acid 7982 10277 11688 12543 16407 19.7 Phenol 91829 100563 121969 146101 171717 16.9 Acetone 68363 80080 78236 100637 95939 8.8 Melamine 11869 17241 27471 29144 40512 35.9 Adipic acid 8744 14926 17113 13673 18015 19.8 Isopropyl alcohol 22793 28988 35604 28866 50165 21.8 Styrene 395724 453007 458594 520758 591646 10.6 Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) 219240 375877 581699 460658 531289 24.8 P-xylene 235440 292945 403296 435785 564832 24.5 Acrylic acid 7982 10277 11688 12543 16407 19.7 Phenol 91829 100563 121969 146101 171717 16.9 Acetone 68363 80080 78236 100637 95939 8.8 Melamine 11869 17241 27471 29144 40512 35.9 AAGR : Average annual growth rate in import Constraints and uncertain scenario The government’s absence of proactive policy initiatives and lack of clarity in policy measures during the last few years, the uncertain feedstock and energy scenario and rising cost of raw material and operating expenses have added up to create uncertain scenario, leading to the feeling amongst cross section of chemical industry players that they have lost the competitive edge in the global market . This is particularly so, since they have to compete with the global producers not only in the overseas market but also in the Indian market. Expansion of existing projects and new projects have also become difficult due to problems met with in land acquisition due to public protests and environmental issues. Need for alternate path of growth The solution lies in intelligently and judicially working out alternative path of growth more appropriate to the Indian conditions that would yield quick results, instead of blindly following the pattern of growth of developed countries. Obviously, the time has now come for the Indian chemical industry to carefully evaluate it’s strength and weakness and chalk out its path of growth in tune with the ground realities With no possibility of the petro chemical feedstock (such as crude oil and natural gas) supply scenario from indigenous source increasing in the near future to any significant extent and India’s increasing dependence on import of crude oil and natural gas, the chemical industry has to build its future based on alternative and appropriate raw material source from India that would be in tune with its needs and priorities and that can provide competitive strength in the Indian and global market. India’s strength India’s strength lies in its mineral deposits and large agricultural base in view of its different types of soil, climatic and geographical conditions. The country is able to cultivate varieties of agricultural crops that yield vast production of biomass, which is an excellent feedstock for the production of important chemicals. The country should be able to exploit such strength with careful forward planning and strategic policies for implementation. Globally, the importance of biomass for the production of various chemicals which are presently being produced by petrochemical route is well realized. It is also well understood internationally that the regions with large landscape and different climatic zones have distinct advantages in generating biomass that represent the source for the production of chemicals in eco friendly, cost effective and sustained manner. The chemicals from biomass on which development work has been initiated and commercial plants already set up abroad include the following:
  • Bio methanol
  • Bio based n butanol
  • Bio syngas
  • Bio epichlorohydrin
  • Bio ethylene
  • Bio 1,3 propanediol
  • Bio MEG/Bio PET
  • Bio caprolactum
  • Bio acrylic acid
  • Bio dicarboxylic acid
  • Bio succinic acid
  • Bio propylene
  • Bio acetic acid
  • Bio methylmethacrylate
  • Bio adipic acid
  • Bio based thermoplastics
  • Bio paraxylene
  • Bio polyhydroxyalkanoates
  • Bio propylene glycol
  • Bio based polylactic acid
  • Bio formic acid
  • Bio propanol
  • Bio glycolic acid
  • Bio 1,4 butanediol
  • Bio butadiene
  • Bio polybutylene rephthalate
  • Bio EPDM
  • Cellulosic biofuel,Algae biofuel
  • Bio levulinic acid
  • Industrial sugars from lignocellulosic biomass
India has to look urgently at such possibilities and rework it’s strategies and futuristic plans.
CAS number 111-30-8 Molecular formula C5H8O2 Appearance Clear liquid Solubility in water Miscible, reacts Specifications Glutaraldehyde content 25% min. or 50.0% min Colour 100 Hazen unit max PH value 100 Hazen unit max Appearance Light yellow transparent liquid Following details are discussed in this article
  • Application
  • Process outline
  • Global producers
  • Scenario in China
  • Indian scenario
  • Indian import
  • CIF price of imported product in India
  • Environmental issue
  • Campaign of Dow
Other names 1,3-Dicyclopentadiene CAS number 77-73-6 Molecular formula C10H12 Stability DCPD is stable at room temperature, but may form explosive peroxides if stored in contact with air. It is incompatible with oxidizing agents and it decomposes on heating Appearance At room temperature, it is a white crystalline solid with a camphor-like odour The product is flammable. Following details are discussed in this article
  • Applications
  • Process outline
  • Global scenario
  • World region wise consumption pattern
  • Global producers
  • Scenario in China
  • Global growth in demand
  • Pattern of country wise import
Acrylic acid is an important petrochemical with diversified applications. Indian requirement of acrylic acid is now entirely met by import and there is no production in India. In such scenario, the recent global efforts to develop bio tech process for acrylic acid is of particular interest to India. Appearance Clear, colourless liquid CAS No 79-10-7 Chemical formula C3H4O2 Application, Conventional process , Bio routes for acrylic acid from glycerine and the organizations involved in developing bio based process for bioacrylic acid are discussed in this article.
From April 1 this year, the price of domestic gas is set to nearly double, as the Rangarajan formula based on reference rates in key gas markets would apply. Finance minister made a statement after the Cabinet meeting on gas pricing in June last year that even as the output price of natural gas (price to the gas producers) is being fixed under the Rangarajan formula, the input price (the price at which the consumers buy gas) could be determined later. The above subject is further discussed in this article.
(in thousands of metric tonnes per year) Company Location Capacity Onstream Axiall Louisiana   2018 CPChem Baytown, TX 1,500 2017 Dow Chemical Freeport, TX 1,500 2017 ExxonMobil Chemical Baytown, TX 1,500 2016 Formosa Plastics Pt.Comfort, TX 1,200 H1 2017 Odebrecht/Braskem Parkersburg, WV 1,500 NA Sasol Lake Charles, LA 1,500 2017 Shell Chemicals Monaca, PA 1,500 NA OxyChem/Mexichem Ingleside, TX 550 Q1 2017 $3-billion cracker project in Louisiana Axiall has chosen Louisiana as the location for a possible world scale ethylene plant and associated derivatives complex. Axiall expects the capital investment to be $3 billion. Axiall joins a long list of companies that have announced cracker projects for North America . At least seven of these projects are scheduled to begin operations before the 2018 start up date Axiall has proposed for its own project. Axiall, at the end of this queue, may have trouble gathering the resources to complete the project. In December 2013, Nova Chemicals postponed plans for a new polyethylene plant, citing the scarcity of project resources . Shell, likewise in December, cancelled plans for a Louisiana gas-to-liquids plant, pointing to the likely development costs of such a project, long-term oil and gas price uncertainties, and other opportunities.
Global demand for geosynthetics is expected to rise 8.9% per year to 5.2 billion square meters in 2017. Gains will result from a much improved environment for the construction of structures and roads. Additional growth will be driven by increased market penetration, stimulated by growing concerns regarding environmental protection and greater awareness of the performance advantages of these products in a variety of applications. The construction market accounted for approximately one third of global geosynthetics sales in 2012. In addition to being the largest, this market is projected to register the fastest gains through 2017. These and other trends are presented in World Geosynthetics, a new study from the Freedonia Group, Inc., a Cleveland-based industry market research firm. The above subject is further discussed in this article.
After many years of analysis by the automotive industry, policymakers, and environmental groups, it is clear that HFO-1234yf is now established as safe, effective, and robust solution to address global warming and fuel efficiency. Honeywell and DuPont jointly developed the product. Demand for HFO-1234yf is increasing around the world in response to concerns about greenhouse gas emissions [(GHGs)] and the need to comply with the mobile air conditioning [(MAC)] directive in Europe and Corporate Average Fuel Economy [(CAFE)] regulations in the United States. The above subject is further discussed in this article.
Global demand for biobased and biodegradable plastics will rise 19% per year to 960 000 metric tonnes in 2017. The bioplastics industry, while still in the emerging growth phase, has established itself as a fixture in a number of commercial markets and applications. Robust growth in demand is expected in virtually all geographic markets, driven by consumer preferences for sustainable materials, the increased adoption of bioplastics by plastic processors and compounders and new product developments which expand the range of applications for bioplastics. However, despite the rapid rise in demand, bioplastics are still expected to account for less than one percent of the overall plastic resin market in 2022. The success of the bioplastics industry will ultimately depend on price and performance considerations and large scale conversion to bioplastics will not occur until price parity with conventional plastic resins is achieved. These and other trends are presented in World Bioplastics, a new study from The Freedonia Group, a Cleveland based industry market research firm. Following details are discussed in this article
  • Starch based resins
  • Regional share
  • World bioplastics demand
PLANT CLOSURES The following articles discusses about the closure of plants
  • AkzoNobel closes coatings plants in Sweden, Germany
  • Lotte Chemical’s UK PTA closure
  • Dow to close Grangemouth plastic additives plant
  • AstraZeneca to close down Bangalore R&D centre
SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE The following articles discussing about the accidents occurred at various places
  • Blast at Mitsubishi plant in Japan
  • Mishap at Essar power plant
ANTI DUMPING PAGE The antidumping measures introduced in the various countries in the last few weeks on the following products are discussed
  • Solar grade polysilicon
  • m-phenylenediamine
  • Polypropylene
  • Alloy wheels import
NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed
  • Gas to liquid project in USA
  • Nitrile and butadiene emulsions
  • CO2 plant
  • Nylon 12
  • Emulsion polymer
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT The recent technology developments on the following products are discussed
  • Bio butadiene technology
  • A glass that protects from bacteria
  • Technology to extract helium from carbon dioxide
  • Turning plastic waste into liquid fuel
  • Lanxess’ membrane technology for water treatment
  • Natural gas conversion to chemicals
  • Fructose may actually be better than glucose
CHINA NEWS The recent developments on the following products are discussed
  • Trimellitic anhydride
  • Coal to Liquid Project in Xingxia
  • Caprolactam
  • Coal to Gas Pilot Project in Inner Mongolia
PRIORITY TECHNOLOGIES DESIGNATED FOR DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA To vigorously foster strategic new sectors, speed up the upgrade and renovation of traditional sectors, boost the optimization and upgrade of industries, structures and transform economic development modes, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the Guideline for the Development of Industrial Key and Common Technologies (2013) on September 26,2013. Above subject is further discussed in this article. BAN ON EXPORT OF BAUXITE BY INDONESIA CHINA’S PREDICAMENT Bauxite is the raw material used to make alumina, which in turn is used in producing aluminium. Indonesian bauxite exports account for about 12 per cent of global aluminium production, but this is not evenly spread. The immediate impact of Indonesia’s ban on exporting unprocessed mineral ores has been felt in nickel markets, but the greater impact may be in aluminium sector. Above subject is further discussed in this article. NEWS ROUND UP - INDIA The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed
  • Certification issue for nutraceutical
  • Probiotics plant in Chennai
  • Emission catalysts plant
  • ONGC starts production in Tapti gas field
  • Jute packaging norms for sugar industry
AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE The recent developments on the following agro products are updated
  • New species of marine algae
  • Biotech wheat
  • Tulsi (Basil)
PHARMA PAGE Following pharmaceutical informations are discussed in this article
  • Zitamed and Zita – Anti diabetes drug
  • Oxytocin - Veterinary drug
ENERGY PAGE Recent developments in the following energy informations are discussed in this article
  • Total to explore for shale in UK
  • Turning solar power into hydrogen fuel
ENVIRONMENTAL PAGE Environmental issues related details are discussed in the following articles.
  • Bisphenol A
  • Green nod for 10 critically polluting clusters
  • Global greenhouse gas emissions
  • EPA releases screening data on 1,800 chemicals
  • Security on antibacterial soaps
  • Price details
  • Ex factory price of chemicals in China in December 2013
  • Tenders
  • Chemicals imported at the Chennai port during the month of December 2013
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