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Journals

 HIGHLIGHTS OF ARTICLES FROM NOVEMBER 2016 

Alkyl Ketene Dimer|Ethyl Vanillin|Ethanol|Iron Exchange Membrane

                    
HIGHLIGHTS OF SOME OF THE ARTICLES
  • GOVERNMENT OF INDIA’S LNG / COAL POLICY CONTRADICT IT’S CLIMATE POLICY ?
  • ALKYL KETENE DIMER – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • ETHYL VANILLIN – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
  • GOVERNMENT’S DISINVESTMENT MOVE FOR PUBLIC SECTOR UNITS - IS IT APPROPRIATE ?
  • GOVERNMENT’S QUESTIONABLE PLAN FOR STRANDED POWER UNITS
  • GLOBAL CRUDE OIL PRICE – FINDINGS OF THE STUDY BY IEA
  • GOVERNMENT’S PRICING POLICY ON ETHANOL FOR BLENDING
  • WHY ETHANOL UNITS DISAGREE ?
  • ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE – RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
  • MEMBRANE PLANT OF LANXESS AT BITTERFELD IN GERMANY
  • GLOBAL MARKET SCENARIO FOR POLYMERS
  • LEADING PRODUCERS’ CAPACITIES IN 2015
  • GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO
  • KITE DRIVEN POWER STATIONS – AN EMERGING POWER OPTION
  • SALE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES IN INDIA
  • CRITICAL NUCLEAR POWER ISSUES IN USA
  • ANTI DUMPING PAGE
  • SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE
  • NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL
  • ANNUAL SALES OF TOP COMPANIES IN THE WORLD
  • TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
  • CHINA NEWS
  • NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA
  • AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE
  • PHARMA PAGE
  • ENERGY PAGE
  • ENVIRONMENT PAGE
  • OTHER ARTICLES
TALK OF THE MONTH
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA’S LNG / COAL POLICY CONTRADICT IT’S CLIMATE POLICY ? India’s promises to COP 21 INDC report submitted by India to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change during the Paris Climate Conference contained the following promises Emission reduction To reduce the emissions intensity of India’s GDP by 33 to 35% by 2030 from 2005 level. Renewable energy To achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030. Carbon sink To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion metric tonne of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030. After having made such promises, it is surprising that Government of India is now committing itself to the increased use of fossil fuel such as natural gas and coal , even as it is pursuing renewable energy. Is this approach appropriate to its pledge to combat global warming ? Government’s LNG policy While globally natural gas makes up for 24 per cent of the energy basket, it is 6.5 to 7 percent in India. Government of India says that it would like to raise the share of natural gas in the energy basket to 15 per cent in the next 5 years. In Eastern India, the government is laying 2,500 km long pipeline, which will provide natural gas to industry and help in gas distribution in seven cities of Eastern India. Government of India wants to promote LNG as a fuel for vehicles. Efforts are being made to have LNG driven bus soon. Long haul driven vehicles and trains will also be encouraged to use LNG as fuel. India’s natural gas production Year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015   In billion cubic metre           Production 47.5 52.2 47.6 40.7 35.4 33.7 As the Indian production of natural gas is nearly stagnant , India has to steadily increase the import of LNG, as the government of India wants to increase the share of natural gas in the energy basket. Plans for LNG terminals to increase LNG import India currently has LNG import and regassification capacity of 21 million metric tonne and the Government of India plans to more than double its annual LNG import capacity to 50 million metric tonne in the next few years. Petronet LNG Ltd operates a 10 million metric tonne a year LNG import terminal at Dahej in Gujarat and has another 5 million metric tonne facility at Kochi, which is lying mostly idle because of lack of pipeline to take the gas to consumers. Dahej terminal is being expanded to 15 million metric tonne this year and is proposed to be further expanded to 18 million metric tonne in future. Royal Dutch Shell operates a 5 million metric tonne a year LNG terminal at Hazira in Gujarat, while a 1.2 million metric tonne capacity operational terminal is there at Dabhol in Maharashtra. Government’s coal policy - Thermal power continues to lead the power sector in India  For the 12th Five Year Plan, a total of 88,500 MW of power capacity addition is targeted, of which 72,300 MW constitutes thermal power, 1080 MW hydro power and 5300 MW nuclear power. Government of India appears to have no intention of significantly decreasing the usage of coal in the new thermal power projects. This is evident from the fact that the government plans to bid out more than 8 ultra mega power projects of generation capacity 4000 MW each in two and a half years, based on coal as fuel. It is reported that Government of India will shortly auction three ultra mega power projects (UMPP s) including Tilaiya and Cheyyurof total capacity of 12,000 MW, entailing investments of Rs. 80,000 crore. India’s Coal production Year FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY17E CAGR   Million metric tonne           CIL 431.3 435.8 452.2 474.5 563.8 5.7% SCCL 51.3 52.2 53.1 54.3 57.4 2% Captive + Others 50 52 52.4 55.1 68.7 7% Total production 532.6 540 557.7 583.9 689.9 5.5% In 2015-16, Coal India (CIL) achieved a record production of 536million metric tonne, which was 42 million metric tonne more than the previous fiscal. Its production grew 8.5% year on year. CIL's output target is fixed at 598 million metric tonne for 2016-17. Government of India wants to eliminate thermal coal imports by 2017 by doubling production of Coal India, which already has 80 % market share. Government’s fossil fuel policy Prime Minister Narendra Modi discussed with oil and gas experts on 5th Jan, 2015, focussing on subjects such as increasing the share of gas in India's energy mix, fresh investment in oil and gas exploration in India, regulatory frameworks, international acquisition of oil and gas assets, emerging areas such as shale gas and coal bed methane. Source: Statement from the Prime Minister’s Office, 5th Jan, 2015 Obviously, Government of India has no plans for reducing the consumption of fossil fuel. Similar to natural gas and coal, the consumption of crude oil is also likely to increase steadily. Renewable energy While the government continues to rely on fossil fuel to sustain the economic and industrial growth of the country, it has set the following target for renewable energy Source Target for 2022 Present capacity as on end 2016 Additional capacity to be built between 2016 and 2022 Solar 100 GW 8 GW 92 GW Wind 60 GW 27 GW 33 GW Small hydro 5 GW 4.2 GW 0.8 GW Biomass and others including waste to power 10 GW 4.68 GW 5.32 GW Total 175 GW 43.88 GW 131.1 GW Additional requirement for fossil fuel As per the government’s scheme to use more coal and natural gas in the Indian energy basket to sustain Indian industrial and economic growth, additional requirement of fossil resources would be the following. Additional requirement of coal for all applications by 2022 will be 645 million metric tonne for power generation and other purposes. Additional requirement of natural gas for all applications by 2022 will be 70 billion cubic meter per annum for power generation and other purposes. Is increasing use of LNG / coal appropriate policy ? Given India’s promise to combat climate change, one wonders whether burning of more natural gas and coal in power plants and elsewhere as fuel would be the appropriate strategy. Burning fossil fuels create carbon emission and consequent global warming. It does not matter if it is coal, oil, propane, kerosene, gasoline or natural gas—it all contains carbon, which gets released as a greenhouse gas. It is a fact that compared with coal, burning natural gas results in roughly half the amount of CO2per megawatt hour of electricity. The most advanced natural gas burning power plants can still emit around 385 kgs of CO2 per megawatt hour of electricity produced. All those power plants that burn natural gas will still spew CO2, albeit less than the equivalent coal fired power plant. This would make it hard to achieve the goals of CO2 emission reduction, if India were to use more coal ,natural gas and diesel as fuel. Further, it is possible that natural gas can leak. Leaks occur when the well is drilled, during transport in pipelines, at storage sites, or when methane is pumped into the natural gas(methane) powered buses. This will add methane to the atmosphere, which would increase global warming, when methane gradually converts to carbon dioxide. It can be seen that continued and increased usage of fossil fuel is contrary to the objective of positive approach to tackle climate change issues. It is critical that India should focus not just on growth but also on cleaner growth. What action plan ? Now that India has not significantly reduced its greenhouse gas emissions , government of India should be gravely concerned about the push for the use of more natural gas and coal, which are potent greenhouse fuel. Considering the fact that there are twin challenges facing India due to the climate change issues and impending energy needs and the fact that both the issues are inter related, the strategic approach of the Government should be oriented to find elegant and integrated solution for both the issues in one stroke. Obviously, the focus of the strategic approach should be to utilize eco friendly feedstocks for generation of energy to the maximum extent possible, keeping in view that the economic and GDP growth target and climate issues can not be sacrificed. The most important action needed is to reduce all fossil fuel use and markedly increase efficiencies and take up appropriate renewable energy projects like wind (both onshore and off shore), solar, nuclear, algae bio fuel and similar other eco friendly fuel source in a bigger way, where there are huge opportunities. Given the fact that India plans to build renewable energy projects to the level of around 131 GW in the next 6 years, there is strong case to re examine as whether so many new power projects based on coal or natural gas are necessary With more than 2,70,000 MW of power generation capacity already in India, the capacity utilization of the power projects in India are only in the region of 50 percent at present. Why not improve the capacity utilization of existing power projects and reduce transmission loss, instead of building up more fossil fuel based power projects? Obviously, Government of India has to re work the energy strategy in tune with its commitment to COP 21, instead of marching on the beaten path.  
ALKYL KETENE DIMER – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
Product characteristic and specification
  • CAS No                             :      142245-85-20
  • Synonyms                           :     AKD,  AKD wax
  • Appearance                        :     Milky white, waxy flake solid
  • Solubility                            :     Insoluble in water
  • Toxicity                              :    AKD exposure is considered to be without risk.
  • Storage                               :    Storage temperature should not be higher than 35 degree C
  • Packaging                            :    Fibre drums with 25 kg of product
  • Biodegradability                   :    Readily biodegradable
Product specification Name of the producer Suzhou Tianma Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd., China Description Value Appearance Pale yellow, flaky wax Content 85% min C16 content 30% 65% C18 content 65% 30% Melting point 47 deg C min Loss on drying 1.0% max Iodine value 43gI2 per 100g Acid value 5.0 mg KOH per g Max Free fatty acid 1.0% max Shelf life 6 months Storage temperature 25 deg C   Following details are discussed in this article
  • Product application
  • Indian import / export
  • Demand driver
  • Demand growth
  • Indian demand
  • Outline of process and raw material used
  • Raw material
  • Global production
  • Major global producers
  • Prognosis
ETHYL VANILLIN – INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
Product characteristic and specification
  • CAS number               :121-32-4
  • Chemical formula         :C9H10O3
  • Compared to vanillin, ethyl vanillin has an ethoxy group (-O-CH2CH3) rather than a methoxy group (-O-CH3).
  • Appearance                 :White to slightly yellow needle like crystal or crystal powder
  • Fragrance Similar to vanilla beans, stronger than vanillin
  • Melting point                 :76 to 78 deg.C
  • Stability                         :Stable under normal conditions
Storage Should be kept in cool, dry, ventilated storage and closed containers. High temperatures and direct sunlight must be avoided. Handling Dust may form as explosive mixture with air. Direct contact may be avoided.
  • Toxicity > 2000 mg/kg [LD50 (Oral) - Rat / rabbit]
  • Packaging 25 kg - Cardboard box lined with PE bags
Product specification
  • Name of the producer Solvay Inc., USA
  • Brand name RHODIAROME™
  Description Value Purity % 99.60 to 100 Gas chromatograph Passes test Loss on drying (%) 0.000 to 0.050 Melting point (deg C) 76.0 to 78.0 Odour Strong vanilla-like odour Residue on ignition 0.000 to 0.050   Followiing details are discussed in this article
  • Product application
  • Indian import / export
  • Pattern of countrywise import
  • Indian producers and production
  • Proposed projects under planning
  • Demand driver
  • Demand growth
  • Indian demand in 2016
  • Outline of process and raw material used
  • Raw material
  • Top global importers / exporters
  • Global production
  • Major global producers
  • Prognosis
GOVERNMENT’S DISINVESTMENT MOVE FOR PUBLIC SECTOR UNITS - IS IT APPROPRIATE ?
NITI Aayog, the Government of India’s think tank has recommended strategic sale in several Public Sector Units ( PSU), that would result in bringing down the Government of India’s share in these entities to under 50%. NITI Aayog has argued that this model will help maximise revenue, while focusing on strategic sectors such as oil or segments, where the government wants to avoid a dominant role of the private sector. While the Government of India may be justified in disinvestment in the loss making PSUs, one wonders whether similar strategy should be adopted for profit making PSU’s also. Is this move appropriate and needed ? The government’s approach to disinvestment needs clarity.   Top profit making PSUs Top loss making PSUs   Rs. In crore   Rs. in crore ONGC 17,733 BSNL 8,234 Coal India 13,383 Air India 5,860 NTPC 10,291 MTNL 2,893 NMDC 6,422 Hindustan Photo Films 2,164 Power Finance 5,959 MRPL 1,712 Indian Oil 5,273 Hindustan Cables 933 Rural Electrification Corp 5,260 STCL 413 BPCL 5,085 FACT* 400 PowerGrid 4,979 Air India Engg Services 390 South Eastern Coalfields 3,660 Hindustan Fertiliser Corp 381 Total for top10 78,045 Total for top10 23,380 Total for profitable PSUs 1,30,363 Total losses for all loss making PSUs 27,360   Following details are discussed in this article
  • Loss making PSUs
  • Profit making PSUs
  • Not for the sake of privatisation
GOVERNMENT’S QUESTIONABLE PLAN FOR STRANDED POWER UNITS
The extent of non performing loans in power sector in India is estimated at about Rs.4 lakh crore and about Rs.3.5 lakh crore in steel. India added an average of 20,000 MW annually to its thermal power capacity over the last five years. But lower than projected growth in demand, fuel shortage and the inability of debt-laden power distribution companies to enter into new long term power purchase agreements (PPAs) have left a sizeable portion of these new capacities stranded. According to an estimate, a total of 25,000 MW power capacity — commissioned or under construction — is lying idle for want of buyers of power or assured fuel supply agreements. Tenders for just 11,000 MW have been floated by the states since 2011 for new PPAs. Government of India seems to have zeroed in on a new solution to tackle the issue of stressed assets in power, steel and shipyards — all crucial infrastructure sectors. Government of India has now decided to allow, in some cases, banks to take over some stressed assets and hand these over to established public sector undertakings for an interim period. Above subject is further discussed in this article.
GLOBAL CRUDE OIL PRICE – FINDINGS OF THE STUDY BY IEA
Oil supply and demand could come back into balance earlier than expected, if OPEC’s agreement to curb output is implemented, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said. At its September meeting, OPEC said it had agreed to cut its supply by up to 750,000 barrels per day to between 32.5 and 33 million barrels per day. By agreeing to curb output for the first time in eight years, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries has “effectively abandoned” the free market policy adopted in 2014, IEA said in its monthly report. While the new strategy could help erode the “massive oil inventory overhang,” there could be another surge in American output if prices rise to $60 a barrel. Following details are discussed in this article.
  • Demand growth trend for crude oil
  • Oil glut
  • Oil price
GOVERNMENT’S PRICING POLICY ON ETHANOL FOR BLENDING WHY ETHANOL UNITS DISAGREE ?
Ethanol Blending Programme (EBP) was launched by Government of India in 2003 and has been extended to the 21 states and four Union Territories to promote the use of alternative and environment-friendly fuels and reduce the country’s import dependence for energy needs. Government of India had first proposed the 5% blending of ethanol with petrol in 2003 and made it mandatory in 2007. In December 2013, the Sharad Pawar panel mooted doubling the blending limit to 10%, which was re-iterated by the Cabinet committee on economic affairs in April 2015. In August,2015 Prime Minister Narendra Modi directed ministries concerned to look for ways to make the proposed blending programme a reality soon. Almost 13 years after the government first mooted the blending of ethanol with petrol at a 5:95 ratio and endorsed it at various stages, the country finally realised it in 2015-16. To provide price stability and remunerative prices to ethanol suppliers, the Government of India has approved a new pricing mechanism for ethanol supply to public sector oil marketing companies (OMCs) to carry out the ethanol blended petrol (EBP) programme. Following details are discussed in this article.
  • Past performance of the ethanol blending programme
  • Price for ethanol for EBP programme
  • Views of ethanol units
  • Ion exchange membrane - Recent Developments
  • RO membranes are used in treating and purifying water.
The market for RO membrane elements is projected to grow at a compound annual rate of 10% during 2015–20 and is expected to be worth almost €1 billion in 2016. The ion-exchange resins market is growing about an average 3.6% annually and will be worth about $1.9 billion in 2019. Few of the following recent developments in the ion exchange membrane field are highlighted in this article.
  • Consortium  promotes membrane researchin Singapore
  • Collaboration for testing of energy saving membrane bioreactor
  • Performance reports for reverse osmosis membranes
  • Dow invests in Irish MABR technology company OxyMem
  • Humes licences Imbrium’s Jellyfish filter membrane technology
  • Ovivo partners with Microdyn-Nadir to service US MBR market
  • GE to buy Dutch membrane manufacturer IMT Solutions
  • Membrane module production facility in Austria
MEMBRANE PLANT OF LANXESS AT BITTERFELD IN GERMANY
Lanxess is now offering Lewabrane membrane separation elements for reverse osmosis to complement its established Lewatit ion exchange resins. Lewbrane membrane separation elements will be produced at the new Lanxess production unit in Bitterfeld ,Germany that came on stream last year. Industrial production of ion-exchange resins began at Bitterfeld, Germany in 1938. Lanxess also produces ion-exchange resins at Leverkusen, Germany; and Jhagadia, India. Lanxess has invested €40 million ($45 million) at the Bitterfeld site during the last five years, and it has increased sales of its RO membranes almost fivefold since 2013. Lanxess will double production capacity of the company’s reverse-osmosis (RO) membrane plant at Bitterfeld-Wolfen, Germany, in 2017. Initially, customers will be able to buy two RO element types with different capacities that are based on polyamide thin-film composite membranes. Lanxess says that other RO element types will be added to the product range soon. Following details are discussed in this article.
  • Application of Lewabrane membrane
  • Specification
GLOBAL MARKET SCENARIO FOR POLYMERS
GPS 2016 was held in Chicago, Illinois,USA on 28-29 September. Although demand for both polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP) will exceed GDP, even faster capacity build will pressure margins, speakers at the recent Global Plastic Summit (GPS) 2016 say. Demand for polystyrene (PS) on the other hand, will grow very slowly, and despite limited capacity expansions, global operating rates will remain low. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) will meanwhile remain plagued by over capacity. Highlights of the observations made during the meet are given in this article LEADING PRODUCERS’ CAPACITIES IN 2015 (in thousands of metric tonne per year) Polyethylene Rank Company Capacity % share of global 1 ExxonMobile Chemical 8,703 8.57 2 Dow Chemical 7,914 7.79 3 SABIC 6,000 5.91 4 Sinopec 5,804 5.72 5 IPIC family* 5,305 5.22 6 LyondellBasell 4,993 4.92   Others 62,832 61.87 Global Total   101,551 100.00   Polypropylene 1 Sinopec 5,804 8.06 2 LyondellBasell 5,449 7.57 3 CNPC 3,368 4.68 4 SABIC 2,804 3.89 5 Total 2,750 3.82 6 Reliance Industries 2,750 3.82   Others 49,068 68.16 Global Total   71,993 100.00   GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO New installations for renewable energy overtook conventional power for the first time in 2015, the Paris-based agency said in its Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report. Global green power rose by a record 153 gigawatts, equivalent to 55 percent of newly installed capacity last year. Following details are discussed in this article.
  • Global renewable electricity net additions to power capacity
  • IEA’s regional conclusions
KITE DRIVEN POWER STATIONS – AN EMERGING POWER OPTION
By having two kites working in tandem, one going up as the other floats back down, electricity can be generated continuously. The kites fly to heights of up to 450m in a figure-of-eight pattern, pulling a tether, as they rise which turns a turbine that produces electricity. Above subject is further discussed in this article.
SALE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES IN INDIA
Power distribution companies as well as open access and captive consumers are under obligation to buy Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) from renewable energy producers under RPO mandated by central/state regulatory commissions. RECs are aimed at providing an easier avenue for various entities, including power distribution companies, to meet their green energy obligations. Above subject is further discussed in this article.
CRITICAL NUCLEAR POWER ISSUES IN USA
                                                By Dr.D.M.Mohunta                                                 dmm@ccdcindia.com Age of nuclear reactors The U.S.nuclear fleet is aging. More than 80 commercial reactors have garnered federal licenses to operate for 60 years, but 41 of these are more than 40 years old.If nuclear plants close or at least, mostly close at around 60 years, then the big wave of closures comes in around 2030. To date, only two reactor owners are considering seeking license for 80 years of operation (Exeion for Peach Bottom units 2 and 3 and Dominion for Surry Units 1 and 2). If other plant owners are able to extend, lifetimes could shift that 2030 date closer to 2050 closures. Possible closure of reactors Over the last five years, low natural gas prices, market dynamics, technical issues and policies that favour renewables have precipitated the closure or announced closure of 14 nuclear reactors. There are 99 reactors, which include the commercial start of Watts Bar 2 and closure of Fort Calhoun in USA. New York has recently approved incentive programme to help three nuclear plants remain economic over the next decade. The closure posed an “irony” in the context of the Clean Power Plan. New reactors New reactors will come online over the next five years, but only in the Southeast are taking place. These include Vogtle and V.C.Summer reactors.
ANTI DUMPING PAGE
The antidumping measures introduced in the last few weeks on the following products are discussed
  • Ofloxacin
  • Narrow woven fabric
  • Fastening tape
  • Toluene Diisocyanate
SAFETY AND ACCIDENT PAGE
The articles discuss about the accidents that occurred in the following plants
  • Two workers die in blast in Chennai
  • Ship-breaking accident in Pakistan
  • Fire at BASF’s Ludwigshafen complex
  • Carbon disulphide leak at factory in Kochi sparks blast
  • Gas leak at GNFC
NEWS ROUND UP – INTERNATIONAL
The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed
  • Nova’s LLDPE plant in Canada
  • Lithium hydroxide facility in Chile
  • HDPE plant facility of LyondellBasell in USA
  • Butadiene derivatives unit of Kuraray, PTTGC, Sumitomo
  • 3-methyl-1,5-pentanediol
  • Composite materials capacities of Solvay in Germany
  • Nylon-12 powders production plant of Evonik in Germany
  • Pakistan’s LNG import plans
  • Bio-BDO plant
  • Alpha olefins facility
  • HFC phasedown
  • Polysilicon business facility in Malaysia
  • Li-ion battery separators
  • VAE emulsions plant in Singapore
ANNUAL SALES OF TOP CHEMICAL COMPANIES IN THE WORLD Company (headquarters) 2015 chemical sales in millions $ Chemical revenues as percent of overall sales 2015 chemical capital spending in millions $ BASF (Germany) $59,275 77% $6,213 Sinopec (China) 50,288 16 2,692 Dow Chemical (US) 48,778 100 3,703 ExxonMobil (US) 40,744 16 2,843 SABIC (Saudi Arabia) a 36,642 93 NA Formosa Plastics Group (Taiwan) 36,250 60 NA Mitsubishi Chemical (Japan) 29,043 86 1,604 Ineos (Switzerland) 28,058 100 NA LyondellBasell Industries (US) 26,178 80 1,319 DuPont (US) 25,130 100 1,629 Royal Dutch Shell (Netherlands; UK) 24,853 9 3,600 Linde (Germany) 19,607 100 2,247 Toray Industries (Japan) 18,200 96 1,147 Total (France) a 17,500 12 NA AkzoNobel (Netherlands) 16,236 100 711 Air Liquide (France) 16,109 90 2,504 PPG Industries (US) 15,330 100 796 Monsanto (US) 15,001 100 967 Sumitomo Chemical (Japan) 14,803 79 797 Agrium (Canada) 14,795 100 1,315 Evonik (Germany) 14,759 100 958 IPIC (UAE) a 14,692 41 NA LG Chem (South Korea) 14,543 84 915 Ecolab (US) 13,545 100 771 Syngenta (Switzerland) 13,535 100 576 Covestro (Germany) 13,202 100 556 Bayer (Germany) 12,956 26 NA Yara (Norway) 12,792 100 1,089 Reliance Industries (India) 12,400 28 NA Braskem (Brazil) 12,130 100 1,041 Solvay (Belgium) 11,559 100 1,529 Shin-Etsu (Japan) 11,370 100 1,315 Sherwin-Williams (US) 11,339 100 234 PTT Global Chemical (Thailand) 11,207 100 493 Praxair (US) 10,776 100 1,541 Mitsui Chemicals (Japan) 10,595 89 368 3M (US) 10,328 34 317 Huntsman (US) 10,299 100 663 Air Products (US) 9,895 100 2,028 Henkel (Germany) 9,826 50 248 Eastman Chemical (US) 9,648 100 652 CPChem (US) 9,248 100 NA Asahi Kasei (Japan) $9,088 53% NA Mosaic (US) 8,895 100 $800 Lanxess (Germany) 8,635 100 474 DSM (Netherlands) 8,438 100 522 Arkema (France) 8,395 100 471 SK Innovation (South Korea) 7,918 19 NA Sasol (South Africa) 7,241 56 NA Lotte Chemical (South Korea) 7,222 100 220 Lubrizol (US) 7,000 100 NA DIC (Japan) 6,816 100 267 Tosoh (Japan) 6,696 100 228 Indorama Ventures (Thailand) 6,670 100 733     Showa Denko (Japan) 6,492 100 338 Honeywell (US) 6,486 17 NA PotashCorp (Canada) 6,279 100 1,217 Clariant (Switzerland) 5,861 100 377 Wacker-Chemie (Germany) 5,787 100 911 Chemours (US) 5,717 100 519 Teijin (Japan) 5,715 81 NA Mexichem (Mexico) 5,708 100 666 Taiyo Nippon Sanso (Japan) 5,699 100 457 Celanese (US) 5,674 100 483 Dow Corning (US) 5,650 100 NA SCG Chemical (Thailand) 5,544 45 NA Sekisui Chemical (Japan) 5,534 57 401 Israel Chemicals Ltd. (Israel) 5,405 100 619 Ashland (US) 5,387 100 265 BP (UK) 5,336 2 NA Airgas (US) 5,313 100 456 Eni/Versalis (Italy) 5,282 7 240 Mitsubishi Gas Chemical (Japan) 5,273 100 258 Sibur (Russia) 5,192 100 NA Hitachi Chemical (Japan) 4,855 100 265 RPM (US) $4,813 100 % $117 North Huajin Chemical (China) 4,761 100 120 Hengyi Petrochemical (China) 4,670 100 40 K+S (Germany) 4,563 100 1,398 Eurochem (Switzerland) 4,540 100 969 Imerys (France) 4,466 100 297 Westlake Chemical (US) 4,463 100 491 Givaudan (Switzerland) 4,437 100 NA Avery Dennison (US) 4,435 75 83 Kaneka (Japan) 4,409 89 368 Valspar (US) 4,392 100 652 Kuraray (Japan) 4,337 100 358 Johnson Matthey (UK) 4,310 89 322 CF Industries (US) 4,308 100 2,469 Sinochem (China) 4,193 10 NA Hexion (US) 4,140 100 179 PKN Orlen (Poland) 4,068 18 NA Daicel Chemical Industries (Japan) 3,997 100 319 Trinseo (US) 3,972 100 107 Orica (Australia) 3,945 100 316 Lonza (Switzerland) 3,838 100 266 Albemarle (US) 3,651 100 228 JSR (Japan) 3,436 100 240 PolyOne (US) 3,378 100 91   Axiall (US) 3,361 100 197 FMC (US) 3,300 100 109 Denka (Japan) 3,286 100 174 Petronas Chemicals (Malaysia) 3,152 100 666 W.R. Grace (US) 3,052 100 155 International Flavors & Fragrances (US) 3,023 100 101 Wanhua Chemical (China) 3,002 100 795 Courtesy: Chemical Week  
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS
Recent developments on the following products are discussed
  • Patent granted for high viscous media conveyance
  • NCL ties up with Ross to develop insecticides
  • Scientists turn CO2 back into fuel
  • SAF configuration for wastewater treatment cuts energy use by 40%
  • Spunlaid nonwovens
  • PERC technology for solar cell
  • Human waste turned into fuel
CHINA NEWS
The recent developments in China are discussed in the following articles
  • Super black dyes
  • Cabot forms JV to manufacture fumed silica
  • Styrene and ethylene oxide project
NEWS ROUND UP – INDIA
The recent developments on the following products/events are discussed
  • TAPI gas pipeline bloc
  • New variant for cement
  • Alternative refrigerant
  • Coal bed methane project of Reliance Industries
AGRO CHEMICAL PAGE
The recent developments on the following products are discussed
  • Onion compound may treat ovarian cancer
  • Approval for Bayer’s corn herbicide
  • Bt cotton crop area falls for first time
PHARMA PAGE
Recent developments in the pharma field is discussed in the following articles
  • New version of ibuprofen
  • Indian herbal market now competitive
ENERGY PAGE
Recent developments in the energy fields are discussed in the following articles
  • Prototype breeder reactor in Kalpakkam
  • Rs.306-crore JHBDPL pipeline project by GAIL
  • .Stranded wind power projects
  • Solar water pumping system
  • Oil & gas from Kutch off shore
  • Rooftop solar capacity
  • Shift away from coal – What policy for World Bank
  • Wind-power capacity
  • Batteries that make use of solar power
ENVIRONMENT PAGE
Recent development in environment fields are discussed in this article
  • Phasing out HFC – Recent developments
  • Atmospheric CO2 breaches crucial level in 2015
OTHER ARTICLES
  • SPOT PRICE OF POLYMERS IN CHINA – PERIOD OCTOBER,2016
  • TENDERS
  • CHEMICALS IMPORTED AT THE CHENNAI PORT DURING THE MONTH OF AUGUST 2016