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ETHYL ALCOHOL (ETHANOL).

 

Ethyl alcohol is a clear, coluorless, mobile volatile liquid.

Molecular formula

C2H5OH

Alternate name

Ethyl alcohol

CAS No.

64-17-5

Odour

Characteristic and spirituous

Application

 

Ethyl alcohol has major uses as follows

  • Industrial alcohol
  • Potable alcohol
  • Fuel alcohol (blending with petrol)
  • Miscellaneous uses including pharmaceutical sector, as antiseptic in hospital etc

Grades of ethyl alcohol

 

Grade Purity
Rectified spirit 95.5%
Extra neutral alcohol 94 to 96%
Absolute alcohol / Anhydrous alcohol 99.5%

Process outline


The process adopted for ethyl alcohol production can be divided broadly into the following categories:

  • The petrochemical routes, which include production by indirect or direct hydration of ethylene
  • The routes that use renewable sources, including sugar cane molasses, beat sugar molasses, cane juices, liquid glucose, fruit juices, starch materials like wheat, barley, potato, tapioca cereals, paddy straw etc

Global Scenario


Global capacity

12870 millions of gallons per annum

Brazil and USA together account for 70% of the ethanol produced globally.