ETHYL ALCOHOL (ETHANOL).
Ethyl alcohol is a clear, coluorless, mobile volatile liquid.
Characteristic and spirituous
Ethyl alcohol has major uses as follows
- Industrial alcohol
- Potable alcohol
- Fuel alcohol (blending with petrol)
- Miscellaneous uses including pharmaceutical sector, as antiseptic in hospital etc
Grades of ethyl alcohol
|Extra neutral alcohol||94 to 96%|
|Absolute alcohol / Anhydrous alcohol||99.5%|
The process adopted for ethyl alcohol production can be divided broadly into the following categories:
- The petrochemical routes, which include production by indirect or direct hydration of ethylene
- The routes that use renewable sources, including sugar cane molasses, beat sugar molasses, cane juices, liquid glucose, fruit juices, starch materials like wheat, barley, potato, tapioca cereals, paddy straw etc
12870 millions of gallons per annum
Brazil and USA together account for 70% of the ethanol produced globally.